South Carolina History Timeline

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San Miguel de Gualdape

1475 - 1526

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526. It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Eastern Woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

The Eastern Woodland Indian were made up of many tribes. The most known of these tribes were the Powhatan, Mohawks, Iroqoius, and the Susquehanna.

Sc history

1491 - 1865

Mr moes class. Social studies;)

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

After witnessing many deaths in cramped. Tired and browbeaten as they were, slaves were often made to excercise against their will.

Port Royal

1518

Was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet.

Plantation System

1600 - 1800

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

13 Colonies

1607 - 1732

In 1609 the London Company obtained a grant of land in America extending 400 miles along the Atlantic, but in 1624 its charter was annulled, and in 1632 the King granted the proprietary colony of Maryland out of Virginia.

Mercantilism

1607 - 1732

Mercantilism is the economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the military security of the country. In particular, it demands a positive balance of trade.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1729

This type of colonial government, based on the County Palatine and resembling feudal grants of fiefs in exchange for service more than the modern concept of state sovereignty, was used by England's colonization along the Atlantic coasts of North America and the Caribbean.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Rice was grown successfully in South Carolina in 1680. By the 18th century, the slave system established a large scale. Rice became the major export crop of the region.

Royal Colony

1685 - 1729

A Royal Colony was a subject to direct control of the king of England. The king of England named a governor to serve os the colony's chief.

Slave Codes

1712 - 1740

South Carolina established its slave code in 1712, based on the 1688 English slave code employed in Barbados.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion that commenced on September 9 1739, in South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British colonies prior to the American Revolution.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war was fought between the British America and New France. Both sides were supported by military units from countries of Great Britian and France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The the British won the war the Cherokee lost some of there land. The Cherokee war started in 1758 when Virginia attacked Moytoy.

Sugar Act

1763 - 1776

The Sugar act was a law that attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in the colonies.

Sons of Liberty

1764 - 1775

The sons of liberty was a group consisting of American Patriots. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator Movement was a North and South Uprising.

Stamp Act

1765

A stamp act is any legislation that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents.

Denmark vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

Was an African-Caribbean most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States.

Tea Act

1773

Was an act of Parlament of Great Britain. The act was passed by Parlament on May 10, 1773.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Began has a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies. It grew into a world war between Great Britain on one side and the United States, France, Netherlands, and Spain on the other sides.

The Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

It describes the function of South Carolina government.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

Was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings of Mountain was fought between the Patriots and the Loyalists. The Patriots won the battle of Kings Mountain.

Battle of Camden

1780

The battle of Camden was a major victory for the British.

Battle of Cowpens

1780 - 1781

The Americans won the Battle of Cowpens.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The British won the Battle of Eutaw Springs.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states.

Commerce Compromise

1787

Compromise between the Northern and Southern States during the Constitutional Convention.

Great Compromise

1787

Was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The constitution is the supreme law. The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches.

Cotton Gin

1794

The cotton gin is a machine that quickly separates cotton fibers from their seeds, a job that must be picked out by hand.

Cotton Trade

1794 - 1861

The cotton trade is when they would trade cotton.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo by the United States Congress against Great Britain.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32 month military conflict between the United States and British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The abolitionist movement attempted to achieve all slaves and the ending of racial segregation.

Nullification Convroversy

1832 - 1833

Was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Was an enslaved African American who during and after the American Civil War.

Dred Scott Decision

1846 - 1857

On this day in 1857, the United States Supreme Court issues a decision in the Dred Scott case.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement.

Election of 1860

1860

Was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

Is the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861

The Confederate States of America was created in Southern slave states who refused to remain in a nation that believed was turning on them.

Ft. Sumter

1861

Was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War, also known as the War between the States or simply the Civil War, was a civil war was fought through 1861 to 1865.

" Total War"

1864 - 1865

Is a war in which the complete of fully available resources and population.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

Lincoln was shot by John Wilks Booth on April 14, 1865.