South Carolina History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

Native American societies inhabiting the eastern United States. Lived in the Ohio and Mississippi River

Port royal

1518

One of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil war

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First European settlement inside what is now United States territory. It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early

Plantation system

1600 - 1800

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership

Triangle slave trade

1600 - 1900

carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North America, especially New England, sometimes taking over the role of Europe.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1733

The Thirteen Colonies were some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America. They are best known as the founding political entities of the United States of America.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century)

Rice and Indigo trade

1680 - 1890

With the slave system established on a large scale, rice became a major export crop of the region. Charleston rice exports rose from 10,000 pounds to over 20 million pounds.

Slave codes

1712 - 1740

South Carolina established it slave codes in 1712, based on the 1688 English slave code employed in barbados

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

War between English settlers and various Native American tribes.

Stono Rebellion

1739

It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution. In response to the rebellion, the South Carolina legislature passed the Negro Act of 1740 .

Mercantilism

1739

The economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should...

French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

War between British America & New France

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Royal Colony

1760

14 overseas British territories.

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

The sugar act stated "it is expedient that new provisions and regulations should be established for improving the revenue of this Kingdom ... and ... it is just and necessary that a revenue should be raised ... for defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same."

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

A North & South Carolina uprising which citizens took up arms agains corrupt colonial officials

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

Act of the British Parliament for raising revenue in the American colonies bY requiring the use of stamp

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1775

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies

Denmark vesey plot

1767 - 1822

Was an African- Caribbean most famous for planning slave rebellion in the United States

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

Act of British Parliament that created a monopoly unfair to American tea merchants.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

War between the 13 colonies and the empire of Britain

Declaration of Independence

1776

This meant we were free of British control and were our own country

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

Describes SC government

Articles of confederation

1777 - 1781

Argument between the 13 colonies which established the United States of America

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Major victory for the British

Battle of kings mountains

1780

One day battle when the British lost

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The turning point of the war

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Goal of battle was to regain SC and it was successful

Great compromise

1787

Was an agreement that large and small states reached during the constitutional convention

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The constitution is the supreme law

3/5 compromise

1787

It was a compromise where 3/5 of the slaves would be counted for representation purposes

Commerce Compromise

1787

When they allow tax imports but not tax exports

Cotton trade

1794 - 1861

Is when they would trade cotton

Cotton gin

1794

A machine that quickly separates cotton fibers from their seeds

Embargo act.

1807

Was a general embargo by the u.s congress against Great Britain

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

A 32 month military conflict between the us and the British empire

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

American soldier, business, educator, and author

Abolitionist movement

1830 - 1870

The abolitionist movement attempted to achieve all slaves and the ending of racial segregation

Nullification controversy

1832 - 1833

Was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Was an enslaved African American that escaped to the north during a battle

Dred Scott Decision

1846 - 1857

U.S Supreme Court issues a decision in the Dred Scott case

Kansas-Nebraska act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement

Election of 1860

1860

Was the 19th quadrennial presidential election

Secession

1860 - 1861

Is the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Was a civil war fought between then north and south

Fort Sumter

1861

Was a 34-hour bombardment and surrender of fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina

Creation of confederate states of America

1861

Created in southern slave states who reduced to remain in a nation that believed that believed was turning on them

"Total War"

1864 - 1865

Is a war in which the complete of fully available resources and population

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

Lincoln was shot by John Wilks Booth on April 14, 1865