SC History Timeline

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The Eastern Woodland Indians lived in a wide areain the eastern U.S. at went eastward from the Mississippi River, throught the Great Lakes, all the way to the Atlantic Ocean.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

White people would exports slaves from Africa to America to sell them and earn money.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

The British government made a policy of mercantilismin trade around the world.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526

The 1st European settlement inside the United States territory.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

These 13 Colonies were divided into 3 groups and the colonists were European.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

A propietary colony is a colony that is overseen byi an individual that has the same power as the government.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1770

Rice and Indigo were rich crops that were grown in South Carolina and traded between the colonies and Europe.

Plantation System

1700 - 1800

The Europeans began to establish settements in the Americas. The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system. Starting in Virginia, the system spread to the New England colonies. Crops grown on these plantations such as tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and cotton were labour intensive.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a war between Britian, settlers of South Carolina, and various Navtive American tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1775

A colony ruledby appointed officials responsible to the sovereign of the start.

Stono Rebellion

1739

Largest slave rebellion in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War was fought between the colonies of British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Anglo–Cherokee War meaning in Cherokee language: the "war with those red coats" or "at with the the British", was conflict between British forces in North American and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

It was a North and South Carolina uprisings where the citizens would take arms against corrupt colonial officials.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, and other duties, in the British colonies and plantations in America.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

Group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

A war fought between the 13 Colonies and Great Britian.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The government of South Carolina was overthrown in September 1775 and the people of SC wanted to take charge so they made their own constitution.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1781

The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the original 13 colonies that established the United States. In 1789 it was replaced by the U.S. Constitution.

Declaration of Independence

1776

statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

Decisive battle between Loyalist and Patriot militias in Southern campaign

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Decisive victory by Continental army forces.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise was a compromise between the Northern and Southern States during the Constitutional Convention.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The 3/5 Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention.

U.S. Constitution

1787

The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromis was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 2013

The cotton gin was a machine made for slaves to help pull seeds ou tof the cotton quicker than pulling it out by hand. Instead of decreasing the slave population, which was what Eli Whitney, the creator of the cotton gin, hoped it made the population increase more then he could imagine. They are still used today but have become more efficient.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France.

War of 1812

1812

This war was a war between the US and Great Britain. It ended as a tie.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was an American soldier, business man, educator, and author. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American civil War (1861-65), for which he recieved recongination fr his outstanding command of military strategy as well a criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States. Military historian B. H. Liddell Hart famously declared that Sherman was "the first modern general".

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

The Denmark Vesey Plot wa a plot created by Vesey. Slaves were going to revolt against their masters. Word got out about it and it failed. Vesey and other people involved in the plot were hung.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the aboolitionist movement was the immeditate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocatign for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates whjo argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread further west.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The root of the problem of prtective tariffs is that they are almost by definition designed to assist certain segments of the economy. In the era in question, the country was distinctly divided along economic lines. Because a large percentage of Southern capital was out into land, cotton, and slaves, less capital was available for industrial for manufactoring enterprises, since in the volatile period in history they such investments were far riskier the cotton, the prime resource of the booming textile industry.

Slave Codes

1833

Slave codes were laws that governed the slave owners rights and esablished slaves, mostly blacks, as the master's property and provided a way for injustice.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

The Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Soverignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Cotton Trade

1857

The cotton trade is when the south decided to sell the cotton to Europe and get money for it and they did the deal all through history.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The decision began by concluding the Scott, as a person of African ancestry, was not a citizen of the United States and therefore had no rigt to sue in federal court. This holding was contrary to the practice of numerous states at the time, particularly free states, where frees balcks did in fact enjoy the rights of citizens, such as the right to vote and hold public office. In what is sometimes considered mere prohibit slavery in federal territore because slaves are personal property and the 5th Amendment to the Constution protects property owners against deprivation of thei property withou due process of law.

Election of 1860

1860

The United States presidential electionof 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presenditial election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was a war between the North and South over slavery which lead to the North's success.

Fort Sumter

1861

The firing on Fort Sumter was when the CSA tried to take control of the Northen Fort which started the Civil War.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Secessionist is when someone or something withdraws from its greater authority.

Creation of the Confederate States of America (CSA)

1861 - 1865

The CSA, also know as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declaed their secession from the United States. The Confederacy recongnized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less declarations, and one new territory. The Confederacy was eventually defeated in the American Civil War against the Union (North).

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Prt Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American CIvil War, in shich a United States Navy fleet and United States Army exepditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on November 7, 1861.

"Total War"

1935 - 1949

Total War is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population.

Lincoln’s Assassination

1965

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at the Fords Theater in Washington D.C. on April 14, 1965 by John Wilks Booth. Booth shot Lincoln in the back of his neck but the shot didn't kill Lincoln instantly...Lincoln died the next day in a hotel across the street.