Imperialism, WWI, the 20s, the depression, the New Deal, WWII
And VP or cabinet
Unemployment down, consumption up, etc.
This was an era of consumerism. More stuff was targeted at consumers. Consumers bought more stuff. Electrical appliances started to become popular as electricity became more common. Cars...
Also, regular peoples getting involved in stocks
Bad: Income disparity up! Not all industries prospered. Farmers had it really bad.
Blacks, women, Natives, labor
Starts in 1910, goes through the 30s.
At least 700,000, many more illegally. They faced racism.
Prohibition begins.... Gang violence and stuff
The KKK reemerged in first half of the 20s due to: Nativism, anti-Catholocism, anti-Semitism, fear of foreign radicalism.
They had a huge membership (5 million)
They had a large influence over local and state politics
They declined in 1925 after a corruption scandal
led America to support stricter immigration
Nativism and discrimination ran rampant during this time
Evangelist fought against this science and evolution nonsense
Once again, demonstrating the more aggressive behavior of these presidents
Almost 400 Filipinos dead, no American deaths in combat
Down in Cuba America kicked butt, despite some initial losses
Spain and the US agreed to stop fighting after 16 weeks, and the Treaty of Paris came after
Treaty after the "Splendid Little War" ended that gave the US:
b. Puerto Rico
d. The Philippines (for $20 million)
Note this was even worse than the Alaska treaty, which was already bad, because it didn't guarantee statehood OR citizenship. This angered Democrats, Populists
Also note how these countries were treated afterward.
Unfortunately the US could not help the Philippines fight off the US. A brutal war ensued, and ~600,000 died (or more--numbers vary greatly)
Afterward the US set up an American-like gov't in which the US selected them a governor and stuff (similar to Puerto Rican one)
1900 and beyond
1. For the first two (from 1898) years the US did things like sanitation projects
2. Then they let them hold a constitutional convention, but due to the Platt Amendment (f you platt) they were required to lease land to the US and to allow the US to intervene.
1898 and beyond
1. Puerto Ricans were not American citizens
2. The US appointed their governor and some other stuff (similar to one the US later sets up in the Philippines) -- set up in the Foraker Act
Policy started by Taft of investing in Latin America for economic reasons
Starts around 1911, US ends involvement around 1917
Basically, a bunch of different groups were fighting for control after some dictator stepped down. Eventually some US citizens on a boat got arrested there. The military released them and apologized, then Wilson occupied Veracruz.... Pancho Villa killed some Americans, so Wilson sent 7000 troops deep into Mexico... Wilson did not leave until 1917 in preparations for WWI.
1. Wilson was very internationalist like many of the time.
2. He was especially so with Latin America, like many others
3. Relations with Latin America got much worse, because Wilson is a twat.
The stupidest war since the War of 1812
Peace among the great European powers. They formed alliances during this period and gathered arms.
Somehow, this assassinations pissed enough people off... Alliances tangled, ???, war!
Wilson really wanted to remain neutral, but those pesky German U-boats kept on sinking American goods and even ships with lots of civilian Americans, like the British Lusitania. This rustled Wilson's jimmies.
After some letter, Germany eventually stopped using them on civilian ships. However, they re-continued use after a stalemate. The US broke off all ties with Germany after that,
This assassination happened when Europe was forming alliances and gathering arms....
A telegram was leaked that revealed Germany encouraged Mexico to support the Germans if the US joined the war by promising them much of the land lost in the Mexican-American war.
This really pissed off America.
Around the Zimmerman telegram, six merchant ships were sunk by German U-boats. America not happy.
The Espionage Act, then the Sedition Act, prohibited criticism of war and interference with the draft. 1500 were arrested and many newspapers (like the NY Times) prohibited from circulation.
Socialists, the IWW, wobblies, etc. were often harassed during this period, and a forerunner to the ACLU sprang up.
The government had a lot of control over the economy during this time.
a. The War Industrial Board, led by Baruch, regulated many industries (like quotas and stuff), and production increased 20% under him.
b. They took control of railroads, etc. to make them more efficient
Many businesses voluntarily made contracts with the government.
Individuals were encouraged to start their own Liberty Gardens to conserve consumption, and to have Meatless Mondays and Wheatless Wednesdays.
Antiwar sentiments were and had been on the rise, so Wilson created the Creel Committee...
a. "Four Minute Men" gave speeches
People became very racist/xenophobic, especially toward Germans. German composers were banned, German sounding foods were banned, speaking German was made illegal in many places, etc.
After all that jazz, Wilson asks congress to declare war, and they overwhelmingly approve.