Timeline Project

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Race Relations

Issue of secession of states for Lincoln

1860 - 1861

Eleven states states were seceded or on the verge of seceding when Lincoln was elected. The states had seceded primarily over the issue of slavery. Lincoln believed that they had no right to secede, and therefore never did, basically using greater power of the executive branch than most presidents.

First Republican President sworn into office

1861

First president of the political party that was against the extension, but not for the end of the racial issue of slavery.

Black soldiers in union army

1862

Was the first ofiicial use of blacks in the American Military, and was a major step in helping the blacks enter the same society as the whites.

Emancipation Proclomation

1863

Informally freed all slaves in the seceded slave states, and was the first proclomation ending slavery to any extent by an elected official in the United States. Was controversial racially, due to Lincoln proclaiming that he was not for the end of slavery.

Wade-Davis Bill

1864

This was an attempt by radical Republicans and congress to set the reconstruction policies before he end of the civil war. It was important as it povided a provisional military government in the states that had formerly seceded over the racial issue of slavery.

Sherman's March

1864

General Sherman marhced from Savannah to atlants through Georgia, badly crippling the already weakened South. Was fought to end slavery due to the Emancipation Proclomation.

Special Field Order 15

1864 - 1865

Sherman's order to give blacks 40 acres and funds to build a house. Was revoke by president Johnson.

Freedman's Bureau established

1865

This was established to help blacks adjust to American society and learn what freedom truly is. It was important as it helped blacks to eventually learn some of the same things, and gain some of the same rights, abilites, and privileges of whites.

Fourteenth amendment ratified

1868

Gave all people of any race or colour U.S. citizenship. It basically entrenched newly freed blacks into society.

Enforcement Acts

1870 - 1871

Was passed by the federal government to force the rights of all citizens of he United States, virtually eliminating the Ku Klux Klan temporarily.

Fifteenth Amendment ratified

1870

Allowed all people of any race or colour to vote for elected officials. It was a major step in the adjustment of free blacks into American society.

Economic Development

Industrialism in the North during the Civil War

1861 - 1865

The North had an economic boom during the civil war due to a high demand of supplies. Helped in economic development by giving the North more money for the future.

Homestead Act

1862

Provided that any citizen of the U.S. who had not borne arms against the government160 acres of government land. This was important economically because it made living space fo immigrants to the United States and provided for economically important activities such as agriculture.

10 percent reconstruction plan

1863

This would have allowed all of the southern states back into the union if ten percent of their citizens pledged allegiance to the union and expressed remorse for having their states' secede. It helped in economic development by creating a proposal for the nation to focus on their economy and become prosperous as one nation once more.

Pacific Railway Act

1864

This porvided federal loans for the development of a transcontinental railroad across the United States. It was economically crucial as it laid the base for a railroad connecting east to west.

Southern Homestead Act

1866

Sold land to poor southerners at a very cheap price to help the poor. This was important because helped poor people acquire a way of life without any reasonable means of living.

National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry founded

1867

This was America's first organization of farmers ever created, paving the way for the future economic development that the federal government would pioneer in order to make the United States the dominant country of the hemisphere and the world economically by creating a greater supply of products and necessities in the country.

Panic of 1873

1873 - 1879

This was ultimately the aftermath of the economic development in the United States, as it changed the role of the government to getting the nation out of the depression caused by all of the economic thrusts after the civil war.

Westward Expansion

Kansas is admitted into the union

1861

One of the states which would have allowed slavery from popular sovereignty is admitted into the union by the federal government, showing as to how the power of the government changed as the country entered the civil war.

Union Pacific Railroad made fully operational

1862

This railroad was built in the western United States, covering the vast majority of states in the area. This helped extend the role of the federal government further west, and gave the government the ability to more easily develop the west with a simpler and faster way of getting there and navigating the area.

Pacific Railway Act

1862

This act provided federal subsides for the creation and development of a transcontinental railroad. It played a large part in the extension of the role of the federal government further west as it made a much simpler route for people to go west and live there in order to develop the land.

West Virginia admitted into the union

1863

West Virginia somewhat illegally by Lincoln's standards seceded from Virginia, creating another border state and another free state to rival the slave states in the south, giving the North a slightly larger advantage than they had previously in the war. This changed the government as it basically made Lincoln accept the fact that the states had seceded by allowing West Virginia into the union.

Nevada is admitted into the union

1864

This was the largest state admitted into the union during the civil war. It brought the federal government further west and paved the way for a near continental United States.

Seward's Purchase of Alsaka

1867

The annexation of Alaska as a territory was important in westward expansion as it brought the federal government far west in one of the largest territories ever acquired by the United States.

Nebraska is admitted into the union

1867

One of the states that would have allowed slavery through popular sovereignty was admitted to the union. This changed the government as it made westward expansion easier with the issue of slavery eradicated.

Transcontinental Railroad completed

1869

The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad officially allowed the federal government to extend from "sea to shining sea" and bring its power and responsibility from one end of the continent to the other.