Jewish History Timeline-JS

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MAIN TIME FRAME

0 AD - 1000 AD

Judea

Destruction of the Second Temple, and fall of Jerusalem

66 AD


In 66 AD the Jewish population rebelled against the Roman empire. Four years later, in 70 AD, Roman legions under Titus retook and destroyed much of Jerusalem and the Second Temple.

Period of the Tannaim

70 AD - 200 AD

Tannaim- Rabbis who organized the Jewish oral law. The decisions of the Tannaim are contained in the Mishnah, Beraita, Tosefta, and various Midrash compilations.

Bar Kochba Revolt

135 AD

Rabbi Akiva is martyred

136 AD

Talmud Yerushalmi is written

450 AD

Babylonia

Period of the Amoriam

220 AD - 500 AD

Amoraim- the rabbis of the Talmud.

The Talmud Bavli (Babylonian Talmud) is compiled

500 AD


Written by Ravina and Rav Ashi- would continue to be modified for the next 200 years. This version is often compared to the Talmud Yerushalmi however there are key differences. The Yerushalmi version is written in Western Aramaic dialect, which differs from the Aramaic in the Bavli. The Yerushalmi is often fragmented and difficult to read, the Bavli is very concise, and careful. The Talmud Bavli also contains many more opinions, because it was compiled at a later time. The editing of the Bavli version was is far superior to that of the Yerushalmi, and it is accepted as the default form of Gemara used in modern day, and during the Geonic age as well.

First Gaon

620 AD

Karaism starts

760 AD

The Karaites reject the oral law, and break off from Judaism.

Arabian Peninsula

Yemenite King converts to Judaisim

395 AD

Joseph Dhu-Nuwas rules and slaughters thousands. He then pays the price

520 AD


For over a century Jewish Kings ruled over Yemen until Joseph Dhu-Nuwas heard of a possible Christian revolt to which he responded by killing thousands. One survivor went to Constantinople and ended up asking the Ethiopian King for aid against the Jewish King of Yemen. The King of Ethiopia, a devout Christian promised to help. He raised an army and invaded Yemen in 525. Dhu-Nuwas was last seen on a horse galloping into the ocean.

The Rise and Domination of Islam

600 AD - 700 AD

Mohammed fails at converting the Jews of that area to Islam

624 AD

Islam

Mohammed's vision from Gabriel

610


While asleep in Ramadan; Gabriel's voice called to Muhammad from heaven with the command to recite three verses. Legend has it that Mohammed awoke with those inscribed in his heart. He believed he was chosen by God as the 7th prophet and it was his duty to return the people of the book to the right path for they had gone astray, and to make believers of the Pagans.

Mohammed's migration from Mecca to Medina

622

The Pact of Omar

634

A document that regulated the behavior of Jews and Christians during their lives under Muslim rule.

Christianity

The Last Supper

33 AD


The Last Supper is the final meal that, according to Christian belief, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.

Jesus' crucifixion

33 AD


The story according to Matthew, is that Jesus was convicted of blasphemy by the High priests. He was bound, and forced to go to prison, and was sent to Pontius Pilate to be dealt with. Pontius Pilate saw that Jesus the King of the Jews stood before him, and asked the Jews if they were sure they wanted to put him to death. With a resounding "Yes" Pontius Pilate washed his hands, symbolizing he was washed of the sin of killing an innocent man, and handed the decision to the Jews. To which they responded, "His blood be on us, and on our children" He was crucified that day, and a sign reading THIS IS JESUS KING OF THE JEWS was written.

Paul of Tarsus lived

65 AD


Paul of Tarsus is known as the 'Apostle to the Gentiles'. He was responsible for spreading Jesus' word to gentiles after the death of Jesus. Paul was a Jew, born during the first years of the Common Era. His original name was Saul and he was a native of Tarsus in Cilicia and possessed Roman citizenship, but it is said he came from Galilee originally. It is said that originally, Paul was initially in strong opposition of the Christians, and was sent to arrest them in Damascus. On the way though, he had a vision of Jesus and immediately converted to Christianity. Paul is credited with taking Christianity from a small a sect of Nazarene Jews and forming it into the new religion. He succeeded in doing so through three missionary journeys, converting gentiles to Christianity, and establishing Christian settlements.

Christianity starts

73 AD

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Christianity starts as a Jewish sect and then develops its own texts and ideology and branches off from Judaism to become a distinct religion