BIBLIOGRAPHY: http://www.chineseart.com/china-dynasties-1.htm http://www.warriortours.com/intro/history/shang/ http://www.dynastiesofasia.com/asian-history-references/zhou-dynasty-period-in-chinese-history.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/qin.html http://socyberty.com/history/han-dynasty-achievements/ http://www.dynastiesofasia.com/asian-history-references/sui-dynasty-period-in-chinese-history.htm http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/tang/culture-religion.htm http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/song/ http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/yuan.html http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/ming.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_China http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deng_xiaoping#Legacy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_zedong
The Shang Dynasty had agricultural fame, and their main crops included hemp, mulberry, rice, millet, and wheat, crops that China still grows. They also made a calendar based on the moon's cycle, adding up to 366 days in total and making some months longer than others, like we still use today. And importantly to present day artisans, they improved techniques to make pottery and jade objects.
The Zhou Dynasty was known for having used many of the Shang's ways, but it did create a feudal system with a hierarchy of feudal lords, also known as aristocracy. In this era, mining became much more sophisticated and simplified the production of iron objects. The One Hundred Schools Period is a time when the Dynasty's intellectual advances show, because they taught and developed Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism.
The Qin Dynasty did not last for a long time, but in those 14 years, they've made quite a difference. The most noticeable was the construction of the Great Wall of China, an enormous structure that marked China like the Eiffel Tower marks France. Emperor Qin outlawed many schools of thought, as even though he was an intelligent, powerful man, he was not much into the philosophical. He expanded the borders of China to Vietnam and Korea, contributing to the largeness of the country today.
The Han Dynasty ruled for about 400 years, and proved its improvements in efficiency in the industries by, for one, replacing the act of weaving clothes by looms, which were easier and quicker. In Arts, they were outstanding in porcelain. The porcelain in those times are almost as good as the porcelain used today. Confucianism became the main trait used for managing and governing.
The Sui Dynasty reformed the centralized government by recruiting public servants of all classes and races. It forced labor upon women and men alike. They wanted to take over present day North Korea, but before this could happen, Yang Ti, the one operating it, was murdered, ending the Sui Dynasty
During this time period, a famous Chinese astronomer, Monk Yixing successfully measured the meridian line. Some people say that the most glorious achievement in the Tang Dynasty were the Tang Poems, still told to this day. The main religions at the time were Buddhism and Daoism, but they were tolerant of all religions.
During the Sun Dynasty, paper currency began to show. There were some major inventions invented in this time period as well. Typography and the Compass were created, which was used and developed for years to come. Gunpowder, at this point, was also changing.
At the founding of the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols were one of the strongest military forces in the world. Theatre became popular as a form of entertainment, especially among wealthy families. China depleted economically due to excessive spending and trading restrictions at the time.
The Ming Dynasty was a period in which Capitalism started to originate. The handicraft industry developed extremely rapidly, and porcelain was at its finest. Some major literary novels were written in this Dynasty, such as Journey to the West, Outlaws of the Marsh, and Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
Commericial expansion and trade with the west begins in this time. In the Qing Dynasty, also, the Opium War begins. After 2000 years of running, the great imperial system completely collapses.
During the Republic, population skyrocketed, and it is now the country with the largest population in the world. Their economy is very prosperous, and the USA currently owes them a large sum of money. After World War II, China was named as one of the founders of the United Nations.
When Mao Zedong died, ending his rule, he was known as a nation hero of China. Before he ruled, illiteracy rates were high and life expectancy was low... throughout the years, however, Illiteracy went from 80% to 73% and life expectancy went from 35 to 70 years. However, not everyone sees him this way. In fact, he was said to have killed more people than Stalin AND Hitler.
Deng is a highly regarded ruler for many reasons, one being that he focused the country's energy on their economy instead of concentrating on mass political movements. He was the one who ended Marxist Dogma, making everyone a lot more productive. Known for the most successful industrialization in just 30 years of ruling completely changed China from a peasant society to a thriving country.