The invention of the machine gun


Flintlock gun

The first mechanical firing mechanism, the matchlock, was developed

First shoulder firearm

The first gun designed with a buttstock allowing it to be fired from the shoulder was the harquebus

War with guns

Guns had already been the decisive factor in several battles between Spain and France.

Better mechanism

Alexander Forsythe invented the percussion firing mechanism.

First machine gun

The first machine gun, the mitrailleuse, was designed in Belgium

First patented machine gun

Dr. Richard J. Gatling patented a gun with six barrels that rotated around a central axis by a hand crank.

First automatic machine gun

Hiram S. Maxim, an American engineer, patented the first automatic machine gun

Different firing methods

John M. Browning introduced the principle of gas operation.

Army ranks

The army authorized a regimental machine-gun company.

The future

American ordnance officers replaced the Browning .30 caliber guns with the new M60.