The Americas and Oceania Timeline

Main

1st Voyage of Columbus to W. Hemisphere

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Signed by Spain and Portugal to divide land in North/South America

Portugal claims Brazil

1500

Claimed by Pedro Alvarez de Cabral

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

1519 - 1521

Hernán Cortés brings down Aztec Empire

Execution of Cuauhtemoc

1525

Legendary Sighting of the Virgin Guadalupe in Mexico

1531

Juan Diego

Spanish Conquest of Peru

1532 - 1540

Francisco Pizarro brings down Incan Empire

Spanish discover silver near modern-day Bolivia

1545

Potosi

Foundation of Port Royal (Nova Scotia)

1604

Dutch Sighting of Australia

1606

Foundation of Jamestown

1607

Foundation of Quebec

1608

Foundation of New Amsterdam

1623

Foundation of Massachusetts Bay Colony

1630

Smallpox epidemic in Guam

1688

French and Indian War in N. America

1754 - 1763

Captain James Cook explores the Pacific Ocean

1768 - 1779

Rebellion against Spanish Rule in Peru

1780 - 1782

First European Colony in Australia

1788