French Revolution Timeline

Main

First Phase

Olympe De Gouges

May 7, 1748 - November 3, 1793

a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.

Corvee

1789

unfree labour, often unpaid, that is required of people of lower social standing and imposed on them by the state or by a superior

Banalities

1789

The payment(s) serfs were required to make to local nobles in order to use facilities such as mills and looms

National Assembly

1789

Established during the French Revolution. Made up of third estate. Created during Tennis Court Oath.

Taille

1789

Direct land tax on the French Peasantry

Estates-General

1789

First meeting of a general assembly that represented the 3 estates.

Cahier De Doleances

March, 1789 - April, 1789

List of grievances drawn up by each of the three estates

Parelements Tennis Court Oath

June 17, 1789

The third estate (National Assembly) got locked out of the Estates-General meeting, and then made an oath to stick together until their kingdom was established

Bastille

July 14, 1789

Fortress that was raided during the French Revolution. Used as a prison

Great Fear

July 17, 1789 - August 5, 1789

Fear over a peasant revolt over grain shortage

August 4th

August 4, 1789

Abolished fedualism

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

August 26, 1789

a fundamental document of the French Revolution and in the history of human rights, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal

Second Phase

Jacobins

1789

the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution

Assignats

1789 - 1796

paper money issued by the National Assembly in France from 1789 to 1796, during the French Revolution

Women's March to Versailles

October 5, 1789

The march began among women in the marketplaces of Paris who, on the morning of 5 October 1789, were near rioting over the high price and scarcity of bread.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

July 12, 1790

law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government

Louis XVI's Capture at Varennes

June 20, 1791

Immediate family attempted unsuccessfully to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution

Declaration of Pillnitz

August 27, 1791

declared the joint support of the Holy Roman Empire and of Prussia for King Louis XVI of France against the French Revolution

Legislative Assembly

October 1, 1791 - September 1, 1792

It provided the focus of political debate and revolutionary law-making between the periods of the National Constituent Assembly and of the National Convention

War on Austria

April 20, 1792

France vs. Austria

Third Phase

Marie Antoinette

November 2, 1755 - October 16, 1793

born an archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.

Maximilien Robespierre

May 6, 1758 - July 28, 1794

French lawyer, politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution

Georges Danton

October 26, 1759 - April 5, 1794

first President of the Committee of Public Safety

Louis Saint-Just

August 25, 1767 - July 28, 1794

a military and political leader during the French Revolution

Anti-Christian Legislation

1789

conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies, conducted by various governments of France between the start of the French Revolution in 1789 and the Concordat of 1801, forming the basis of the later and less radical Laïcité movement

"Republic of Virtue"

1791 - 1794

a period in French history (1791-1794) where Maximilien Robespierre remained in power

Girondins

1791

a political faction in France within the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention during the French Revolution

The Coalition Against France

1792 - 1797

the first major effort of multiple European monarchies to contain Revolutionary France. France declared war on the Habsburg monarchy of Austria on 20 April 1792, and the Kingdom of Prussia joined the Austrian side a few weeks later

National Convention

September 20, 1792 - October 26, 1795

comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795

Louis XVI's Trial

December 10, 1792

It involved the trial of the former French king Louis XVI before the National Convention and led to his execution.

Temple of Reason

1793

a temple for a new belief system created to replace Christianity

Slavery

1793

a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work

the Mountain

1793

a political group, whose members, called Montagnards, sat on the highest benches in the Assembly

The Vendean Rebellion

1793 - 1796

a Royalist rebellion and counterrevolution in the Vendée region of France during the French Revolution.

Louis XVI's Death

January 21, 1793

Executed by Guillotine

Committee of Public Safety

April 1793

formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution"

Law of General Maximum

September 29, 1793

a law created during the course of the French Revolution as an extension of the Law of Suspects on 29 September 1793. It succeeded the 4 May 1793 loi du maximum which had the same purpose: setting price limits, detering price gouging, and allowing for the continued flow of food supply to the people of France.

Sans-Culottes

1794

the radical left-wing partisans of the lower classes; typically urban laborers, which dominated France

Fall of Committee of Public Safety

July 1794

The ensuing period of upheaval, dubbed the Thermidorian Reaction, saw the repeal of many of the Terror's most unpopular laws and the reduction in power of the Committees of General Security and Public Safety. The Committees ceased to exist under the Constitution of 1795, which marked the beginning of the Directory.

Fall of Robespierre

July 28, 1794

The next day, 28 July 1794, Robespierre was guillotined without trial in the Place de la Révolution

Breakup of the Coalition Against France

1803 - 1815

a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions

Paris Commune

March 28, 1871 - May 28, 1871

existed before the split between anarchists and Marxists had taken place, and it is hailed by both groups as the first assumption of power by the working class during the Industrial Revolution

New Calendar

1923

a calendar, originated in 1923, which effectively discontinued the 340 years of divergence between the naming of dates sanctioned by those Eastern Orthodox churches adopting it and the Gregorian calendar that has come to predominate worldwide

Fourth Phase

Napolean Bonaparte

August 15, 1769 - May 5, 1821

a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.

Coup d'etat

1793

the sudden, illegal deposition of a government,[1][2][3][4] usually by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to depose the extant government and replace it with another body, civil or military

Laissez-Faire

1793

an economic environment in which transactions between private parties are free from tariffs, government subsidies, and enforced monopolies, with only enough government regulations sufficient to protect property rights against theft and aggression

Council of Elders

August 22, 1795 - November 9, 1799

the upper house of the Directory

Council of 500

August 22, 1795 - November 9, 1799

the lower house of the legislature of France during the period commonly known (from the name of the executive branch during this time) as the Directory

Directory

November 2, 1795 - November 10, 1799

a body of five Directors that held executive power in France following the Convention and preceding the Consulate