Rome's Collapse leaves Europe in the Dark Ages, a time of confusion and readjustment to smaller ruling states. Major warring conflict over disputed territories sets back developments in learning and social progression for nearly three centuries.
Learning falls into massive decline throughout the Western World as many of the leading scientists and thinkers retreated to the city of Rome.
Governmental instability leads to the church taking over and setting the ruling standards. Medieval Anglican Christianity teaches that women are subservient to men and may hold the occupations of wife, mother, nun, and artisan.
Spreading the word of Christ sends men off to the Crusades for extended periods of time, while the women continue to stay at home tending to children and basic familial needs (similar trends to Cro-Magnon society). This hiccup in time forces humans in Europe nearly back to square one.
Nearing the end of the Dark Ages, one of the final tasks for returning Crusaders is to regain control of Jerusalem from Islamic rule. During the battles soldiers are exposed to the art and creativity brought forth by Islam. When these soldiers return home a new movement filled with art and expression comes forth proudly known as the Renaissance.