1940-1949

Arts

F. Scott Fitzgerald Dies

12/21/1940 - 12/22/1940

Artists focused on the common man and Europe activity

01/01/1941 - 01/01/1946

They focused on the realism of the time period

Dr. Spock's The Common Book of Baby and Child Care was published

1946 - 1947

Arthur Miller's Death of A Salesman premiered on Broadway

02/10/1949 - 02/11/1949

World Events

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

12/07/1941 - 12/08/1941

Japanese - Americans put in Interment Camps

1942 - 1943

D-Day Begins

06/06/1944 - 06/07/1944

Hitler Commits Suicide

04/30/1945 - 05/01/1945

Ghandi Assassinated

01/03/1948 - 01/04/1948

China becomes Communist

1949 - 1950

Soviet Union gets an atomic bomb

1949 - 1950

NATO Formed

04/04/1949 - 04/05/1949

Business and the Economy

8 milion Americans unemployed during the Great Depression

1940 - 1950

Gas 11 cents

1940 - 1941

Bretton Woods System

1944 - 1945

Slinky hit shelves

1945 - 1946

Education

Federal Lunch Program

1940 - 1941

Students numbering 12,640,000 are enrolled in the Federal Lunch Program at a cost of around 12 million dollars.

Education System was Improved

1940 - 1950

53% of college students are Veterans

1946 - 1947

Fashion

Shoulder Pads for Women

1940 - 1950

T-shirt Introduced

1942 - 1943

Bikinis Introduced

07/05/1946 - 07/06/1946

Government and Politics

US Congress approves the first peacetime conscription draft

09/14/1940 - 09/15/1940

Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first man to hold office for three terms.

11/05/1940 - 11/06/1940

Law and Justice

Frank Murphy

01/15/1940 - 01/16/1940

On January 15, the Senate approves Frank Murphy's appointment to the Supreme Court.

Korematsu vs. the United States

12/18/1944 - 12/19/1944

The US Supreme Court rules in the case of Korematsu vs. the US, the wartime interment of japanese Americans on the west coast was valid during a time of war

Executive Order 9981

07/26/1948 - 07/27/1948

Executive Order 9981 ending segregation in the US military and signed into effect by Harry S. Truman

Lifestyle and Social Trends

The Great Depression

1940 - 1950

Women working to keep up with WW2 demands

1940 - 1950

Media

Superman Radio

02/12/1940 - 02/13/1940

the radio show Superman begins, providing the source for such lines as "Up, up, and away!" and "This looks like a job for Superman!"

Batman Published

04/01/1940 - 06/01/1940

In spring, the first issue of Batman is published.

WW2 is widely covered in newspapers and radio.

01/01/1941 - 01/01/1946

The war and soldiers coming home received widespread media attention from 1941-1946

Medicine and Health

Preserving Blood

1940 - 1950

O.H. Robertson, a Canadian medical officer during World War I, discovered that a solution of citrate glucose could preserve blood for as long as twenty-one days.

Nobel Prize not Awarded due to WW2

10/10/1940 - 10/11/1940

the medical faculty at Stockholm University announces it will not award the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1940 because of the ongoing war

Vitamin B-12

1948 - 1949

American physicians Minot and Murphy isolate antianemic factor, vitamin B-12

Religion

The United Jewish Appeal is founded

1940 - 1941

450,000 Christian Pacifists in the US

01/19/1941 - 01/20/1941

the Institute for Propaganda Analysis estimates there are 450,000 Christian pacifists in the United States.

The Holocaust

1942 - 1946

Science and Technology

First Computer

1941 - 1942

The Long Telegram

1947 - 1948

Polaroid cameras invented

1947 - 1948

Chuck Yeager, first man to break sound barrier

1947 - 1948

Sports

Elimination of Football at UC

01/12/1940 - 01/13/1940

On January 12, the University of Chicago announces the elimination of its football program, saying the sport is a handicap to education

Ted Williams ends the season with a .400 BA, last player to accomplish that feat

09/28/1941 - 09/29/1941

Jackie Robinson Breaks MLB's Barrier

04/15/1947 - 04/16/1947

Jackie Robinson breaks MLB's barrier against colored player when he debuts at first base for Branch Rickey's Brooklyn Dodgers