Timeline of Elizabeth I of England

For World History.


Date of Birth

September 7, 1533

Elizabeth I of England was born on September 7th, 1533.

Elizabeth's Accession Day

November 17, 1558

"Elizabeth's Accession Day, November 17, 1558, was celebrated triumphantly by Protestants, who looked to the new Queen as the embodiment of all their revolutionary hopes. She was seen as a symbol of hope for a more liberal era."
Resource: http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/history/elizabeth/accession.html

Celebration of Elizabeth's Coronation

January 1559

"The celebrations for the Coronation, two months later, were spectacular. As Elizabeth walked along the carpet laid out for her journey to Westminster Abbey, the crowds rushed forward to cut out pieces as souvenirs. Elizabeth made sure that everyone - down to the lowliest beggar - played a part, pausing to listen to congratulations from ordinary people on the street. She knew that, in political terms, she needed their support but she also felt a deep sense of responsibility for their welfare. For their part, the people were thrilled with their new Queen. Elizabeth was an instant hit."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Introduced the acts that made up the Church Settlement

1559 - 1563

(Month unknown, but took place after Elizabeth's first Parliament.)
"As soon as her Council had been appointed, Elizabeth made religion her priority. She recognised how important it was to establish a clear religious framework and between 1559 and 1563 introduced the acts which made up the Church Settlement. This returned England to the Protestant faith stating that public worship, religious books such as the Bible and prayers were to be conducted in English rather than Latin. The new Book of Common Prayer was introduced, adapted from earlier Books used under the Protestant Edward VI."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Elizabeth's First Parliament


(Month unknown, but this event came after her coronation celebrations.)
"Contrary to Protestant expectations, however, Elizabeth's first Parliament brought compromise instead of radical reform; avoiding the extremism of the two former regimes, the new Queen looked back to her father's reign as a role model for her government."
Resource: http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/history/elizabeth/accession.html

Parliament refuses to grant Elizabeth any further funds until she marries


Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. Elizabeth's reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches.
"The years passed until in 1566, when Parliament refused to grant Elizabeth any further funds until the matter was settled. This was a big mistake. No one told the Queen what to do and, using the skills of rhetoric she had been taught, Elizabeth addressed members of Parliament. The welfare of the country was her priority, not marriage. She would marry when it was convenient and would thank Parliament to keep out of what was a personal matter. This was clever talk from the Queen. She knew the political implications of remaining unmarried but effectively banned further discussion."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Elizabeth's life becomes endangered


(No exact month/day is applicable.)
"As predicted, Mary [Queen of the Scots] quickly became the focus of plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the Catholic faith."
"The Ridolfi Plot of 1571 went further by enlisting Spanish support to depose Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne. It was clear that, as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

The Earl of Leicester throws Elizabeth a party


(Month is not known; only the season and year.)
"...the one who came closest to winning her heart was Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester."
"The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. He wanted to impress the Queen and, in the summer of 1575, threw a party at Kenilworth Castle which no one could forget. It took years to prepare for. He altered the layout of his castle, building luxurious new apartments for the Queen and her huge entourage. The entertainment lasted several days with fine banquets, jousting and spectacular firework displays. He had shown the Queen how much he adored her and, just as he had hoped, eclipsed everyone else."
Resouce: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Elizabeth ceremoniously knights Francis Drake


(Month and day are unknown.)
"With the Queen's tacit approval, English privateers such as Francis Drake and John Hawkins plundered Spanish galleons returning from the Americas; in 1580, Elizabeth ceremoniously knighted Drake on board his ship the Golden Hind--he was then the second captain to circumnavigate the globe, and had returned with Spanish treasure worth twice the annual revenue of the crown."
Resource: http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/history/elizabeth/armada.html

Elizabeth openly sends troops to the Netherlands


(Month and day are unknown.)
"Elizabeth unofficially supported Dutch rebels from the outset of their struggle for independence but maintained a pretence of goodwill towards Spain until 1585, when she first openly sent troops to the Netherlands (under the command of her favourite, the Earl of Leicester)."
Resource: http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/history/elizabeth/armada.html

The Nine Years War Begins


(Month and day are not known.)
"1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. Her most trusted ministers, including Burghley and Walsingham, passed away. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in 1588 and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Elizabeth delivers her Golden Speech


(Month and day are not known.)
Elizabeth delivered her Golden Speech in the year 1601. In this speech, she said, "This I account the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves."
Resource: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/elizabeth_i_01.shtml

Date of Death

March 24, 1603

Elizabeth passed away on March 24th, 1603.