US History

Main

Jamestown is established by the London Company in southeast virginia

1607

Jamestown was the first establishment made by the British in America. The attempt proved to be nearly disasterous, but the settlers were able to pull through, laying the foundation for the early American colonies

The House of Burgesses meets for the first time in July

1619

The house of Burgesses was the first represenative assembly in America, and its first meeting symbolized the beginnig of the first forms of government in America

Plymouth is established by the Pilgrims in Massachusetts

1620

Plymouth is the most famous of the American colonies in grade school. It was a colony that was first surveyed by Captain John Smith and founded by pilgrims. It is most famous as part of American Folklore, including the beginning of thanksgiving.

New Amsterdam seized, renamed New York

1664

New York is one of the most iconic cities that are in the U.S. It is home of landmarks such as the empire state building and the Statue of Liberty. The capture of New Amsterdam and the founding of New York is important because the city has been near the center of attention of american culture nearly since the time that it was founded.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war was a war involving America that was between Britain and France. This is the war that first began the distrust between the Americans and Britain

Boston Massacre

1770

The Boston Massacre was an event that turned the american mindset against the British. It made the British soldiers seem like monsters when really the whole thing was exaggerated. Some Americans were taunting some British soldiers until they felt threatened so they opened fire, but only killed 5 people

Boston Tea Party

1773

The Boston Tea Party was a political protest against the tea act imposed by Britain. After the British refused to return 3 shipfuls of tea, colonists dressed as indians boarded the ships and threw the crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. This was a direct slap in the face to Britain, especially when the colonists were not caught do to the fact that no one would turn them in.

Continental Congress meets in Philidelphia

1774

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

this is the event that established America as its own country, until the American Revolution the American Colonies were still part of Britain. Although the Americans were greatly outnumbered, they were able to pull through victorious at the end due to their knowledge of the land, their new strategies, and the fact that they were like a "pillow," in that if one city was captured another would spring up

The Declaration of Independence is adopted

1776

The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, was the document that declared separation of the colonies from Britain.

Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation

1777

The articals of confederation were enacted as the first form of constitution among the 13 states. The articles of Confederation were used until 1789 under much controversy until they were replaced by the Constitution.

Shays Rebellion

1786

Shays Rebellion was an uprising that occured in Massachusetts and named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of the Revolutionary war.

George Washington named president

1789

George Washington was the Nations first president and he set the 2 terms policy for all the future presidents

First Census concludes that the population has reached nearly 4 million

1790

This was the first census that measured the population of the United States. It measured 4 million, noting that the United States was growing rapidly

Bill of Rights Ratified

1791

The Bill of Rights is considered to be the most important part of the Constitution because it guaranties the rights and freedoms of the American People. It was a highly demanded part of the constitution prior to its establishment.

Eli Whitneys Cotton gin begins to increase the demand for slave labor

1793

Some say that if the cotton gin had not been invented when it did, slavery would have naturally died off. But when the cotton gin was created it reinvigorated the need for slave labor (I would have attached a picture, but the computer wont let me pull up anything with the word "gin" in it)

US Capitol is moved to Washington

1800

In 1800 the Capitol of the United states was set in Washington, where it remains as its iconic home till this day.

Marbury v. Madison

1803

This case formed the basis for Judicial review in the United States

Louisiana Purchase

1803

The Louisiana purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Sometimes considered a useless war, this war was fought between America and Britain. America won but almost nothing was gained or changed.

Florida Ceded to the U.S.

1819

The United States acquired Florida from Spain.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Monroe Doctrine

1823

Enacted as a way to clarify to the British that if they were to try to colonize land in America that it would be seen as an act of aggression, and that the United States would get involved

Gibbons V. Ogden

1824

Construction begins on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

1828

Indian Removal Act signed by President Jackson

1830

The Indian removal act was made to get the Indians out of the territories that President Jackson wanted for the U.S

Indian Removal Act

1830

This removed the Indians from their homes to send them to Oregon, a barren plane with basically no resources

Nat Turner

1831

Nat Turners Rebellion is the biggest slave revolt in American History. 55-65 whites were killed by rebel slaves although the uprising only lasted a few days. The rebellion caused widespread panic and fear, and as a result 56 slaves were executed, some of them not having anything to do with the rebellion.

William Lloyd Garrison publishes the Liberator

1831

This was a paper that spoke out against slavery, fueling inspiration for the civil war

Texas becomes independent from Mexico

1836

allowed Texas to be annexed

Trail of Tears

1838

Path the indians followed while being forced to leave. Many Indians died during this

Texas Annexed

1845

The annexation of Texas gave the U.S one of its biggest states, and thats pretty cool.

Mexican War

1846 - 1848

Womans rights convention in Seneca Falls

1848

This was one of the first influential womens rights conventions in the U.S. It was composed of women who gave lectures and discussed the positions of women in Society

Harriet Tubman escapes slavery

1849


Though not immensely important to the whole of U.S history, Harriet Tubman is one of the most well known and most celebrated African Americans in the History of the United states . She is said to have helped hundreds of slaves to freedom through the underground railroad.

Compramise of 1850

1850

Uncle Toms Cabin is published

1852

This was an anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, that gained massive popularity before the civil was, and some even say that it even fueled the beginnings of the civil war.

Gasden Purchase

1853

The Gasden purchase was purchased for the main purpose of constructing the transcontinental railroad, the fastest way to get across the U.S

Kansas-Nebraska act

1854

The Kansas-Nebraska act gave the U.S Kansas and Nebraska, and it also repealed the Missouri Compromise

Dred Scott V. Sanford

1857

The Dred Scott decision determined that the federal government could not regulate slavery in the US. It also ruled that African Americans were not protected by the constitution and therefor not citizens.

John Brown at Harpers Ferry

1859

John Brown was a semi-crazy abolitionist led men to an arsenal at Harpers Ferry to acquire weapons. The little group was destroyed by the Marines, and John Brown was executed.

Civil war

1861 - 1865

The civil was is known as the bloodiest was in all of american history because the only casualties were american. It was a war between the north and the south, ad it was aroused through many issues involving social and political issues, the most famous of which being slavery.

Confederate states of America established

1861

The confederate states of america were formed in retaliation to the Union. It was composed of the Southern states

Homestead act

1863

Gave people land at very little cost

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

This was an act that with the purpose to end slavery

Lincoln Assassination

1865

President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes booth, a stage actor who had known the layout Fords Theater where Lincoln was very well. Though the original plan had been to kidnap Lincoln, Booth became set on killing him after hearing a speech given by Lincoln, and he carried out his plan on good Friday, April 14 1865.