Robert Fulton launches a steamboat on the Hudson River.
Congress bans the African slave trade.
War of 1812 disrupts U.S. shipping.
Weaving factory built in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Missouri Compromise balances number of slave and free states.
Monroe Doctrine issued.
Erie Canal completed.
Nat Turner leads slave rebellion in Virginia.
Slavery is abolished in British Empire.
Telegraph line connects Washington, D.C., and Baltimore.
Haiti wins independence from France.
Napoleon defeated at Waterloo.
Peru and Mexico gain independence from Spain.
First public railroad operates in England.
Louis Daguerre is recognized for his photographic process.