People first, not rulers first
Social Contract: Government is not divine right, but is there to better the lives of those it governs
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Government should keep the peace at all cost
John Locke (1632-1704) People are equal, "natural rights to life, liberty, and property" should be preserved, revolts are OK to replace corrupt government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Majority rules, people are free to do as they please inside the community. IMPORTANT: led to colonies wanting freedom and anti-slavery
Voltaire: Religious Tolerance
Montesquieu: branches in government to protect from dictators
Enlightened Monarchs: Absolute power, but worked for the people.