A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture, making them the first urban centers.
The quality of municipal town planning suggests the knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments. The urban plan included the world's first known urban sanitation systems. The people of the Indus Civilization achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.
This civilization is recognized as the oldest in Iran and was largely contemporary with its neighbor, Sumerian civilization, the oldest in the world.
A unified kingdom was founded by King Menes, leading to a series of dynasties that ruled Egypt for the next three millennia.
Located in what is now southwest Iran. Elam was centered in the far west and the southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of Khuzestan and Ilam Province, as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
The Elam Civilization is broken into 3 distinct periods:
Old Elamite period: c. 2700 BC – 1600 BC (earliest documents until the Eparti dynasty)
Middle Elamite period: c. 1500 BC – 1100 BC (Anzanite dynasty until the Babylonian invasion of Susa)
Neo-Elamite period: c. 1100 BC – 539 BC (characterized by Iranian and Syrian influence. 539 BC marks the beginning of the Achaemenid period)
n southern China, population movements are taking place which will have a huge impact on Oceania in the millennia to follow. The ancestors of today's Austronesian peoples (of which the Melanesians and Polynesians are examples, as well as Malays and Madagascans) are migrating from south China to Taiwan at this time.
The first Europeans to have literate civilization
Located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece. The Minoans were famous for the magnificent palaces they built, above all at Knossos.
The Tumulus culture dominated Central Europe during the Middle Bronze Age It was the descendant of the Unetice culture. Its heartland the area previously occupied by the Unetice culture besides Bavaria and Württemberg. It was succeeded by the Late Bronze Age Urnfield culture.
Songguk-ri is one of the well-known sites from Korean prehistory that displays some formative examples of characteristics of Protohistoric chiefdoms such as Mahan, Byeonhan, and early states such as Baekje
Little is certain about the history of the Roman Kingdom, as no written records from that time survive, and the histories about it were written during the Republic and Empire and are largely based on legend.
An ancient Iranian people who lived in the central portions of present-day Iran. They entered this region with the first wave of Iranian tribes, in the late second millennium BC (the Bronze Age collapse). By the 6th century BC, after having together with the Babylonians defeated the Neo-Assyrian Empire, the Medes were able to establish their authority, lasting for about sixty years, from the sack of Nineveh in 612 BC until 549 BC when Cyrus the Great established the Achaemenid Empire
The Ming, described by some as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese
Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
Commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).
Theories suggest Stonehenge was used to celebrate past ancestors and the recently deceased.
Whatever religious, mystical or spiritual elements were central to Stonehenge, its design includes a celestial observatory function, which might have allowed prediction of eclipse, solstice, equinox and other celestial events important to a contemporary religion
1500 BC- Voyagers began moving east beyond New Guinea, first along the Solomon Island chain, and then to the Banks and Vanuatu Archipelagos. By 1000 BC colonization of Hawaii, Easter Island, and New Zealand is complete
The cultural collapse of the Mycenaean kingdoms, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia and Syria, and the Egyptian Empire in Syria and Canaan interrupted trade routes and extinguished literacy. In the first phase of this period, almost every city between Troy and Gaza was violently destroyed, and often left unoccupied thereafter: examples include Hattusa, Mycenae, Ugarit.
The Axial Age is described as a period when the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid simultaneously and independently... And these are the foundations upon which humanity still subsists today. These foundations were laid by individual thinkers within a framework of a changing social environment.
Axial shifts included the rise of Platonism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Zoroastrianism.
Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great WallSeveral walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall
The most prominent monarch of this dynasty. He is best known for his victory over Elam and the recovery of the cultic idol of Marduk.