Jamestown was the first US colony and was formed by the Virginia Company.
20K Puritans came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Britain dictated that certain goods could only be shipped to Great Britain. These goods were then sold so GB would be receiving profits instead of the colonies.
Congregationalist Church allowed partial church membership for children of church members.
The Wampanoags, led by their Chief King Phillip, attacked the New Englanders who kept expanding into their territory. Thousands of colonists and Native Americans were killed.
Planter, Nathaniel Bacon, led a group of farmers into Jamestown to burn homes of residents and the capital building in response to the refusal of Governor Berkeley to help them fight off the attacking Indians.
Spanish priests were attacked. Spanish gave them land and cultural practice tolerance
The belief where anyone could be saved and that people had the ability to decide their fate for the afterlife.
John Peter Zenger was arrested and charged for printing articles against the government of New York
The French and Indian war was a result of the conflict between the colonists and the French living in Canada. This wasn’t really the French against the Indians but the French and their friends the Indians against the British.The French conquered more land in the Americas than the colonists had, however they didn’t settle all of it so the Americans decided to settle on it for them. This resulted in little skirmishes that annoyed people but not enough to slam over a table for. The colonists decided enough was enough and met in Albany, New York to devise a plan on how to handle the matter. William Pitt decided to take strong action and forced people into the army to fight back but no one wanted to take part in it. Finally, when Pitt sent British troops in the French put their swords down and surrendered it Montreal.
The Proclamation Act of 1763 drew a line through the Appalachian Mountains that banned the colonists from settling beyond that land because the British gov couldn’t afford any more arguments with the native people (Indians.)
The French and Indian War ended with the Treaty of Paris which France gave up all of their land in North America to the English.
While they were already on a role of enacting things, the British also passed the Stamp act in 1765 which meant that any documents people wanted to official: newspapers, contracts, wills, etc., had to have a British stamp on them. This Stamp Act caused so much disturbance that 9 states actually rallied together to draw up a list of grievances and “No taxation without representation” became the key of the day. Patrick Henry even went so far as to write the Virginia Resolves that called for colonial self-government. Some people even went so far with their disgust as to attack the Stamp Act agents.
In 1765 there was the British Quartering Act which forced the colonists to open up their homes and take them in as house guests. Most people hated it because these soldiers would often go into town to look for other jobs and took them away from other people for a lower wage too.
More taxes following the Stamp Act. Hurrah hurrah! Charles Townshend put taxes on imports like paint, paper, lead, and tea.
The people of Boston were throwing insults, rocks, and snowballs at the British redcoats. Someone yelled fire and so the readcoats started to attack. 5 people were killed
The British ship "Gaspee" ran aground in Rhode Island so people boarded the ship, looted the contents, and set it on fire. The British government saw this as an act of defiance.
The Tea Act of 1773 was passed by the British that eliminated their British tariffs but by lowering the price of tea.the colonists refused to take part in the scheming and the Sons of Liberty dumped the tea into the harbor while dressed as Indians. Boston Tea Party.
Following the Boston Tea Party, the British government passed the Coercive acts to teach Boston and Massachusetts a lesson.
1. MA would be under British control
2. British trials would be tried at home, not in the colonies
3. Boston Port Act closed the port of Boston to incoming and outgoing ships
4. Quartering Act would still be in place
5. Quebec Act allowed Catholics in Quebec to practice freely
"Shot heard around the world."
Sent to King George III to ask for peace and forgiveness but King George III was angry, declined it, and had already declared war before hand.
British were defeated so they abandoned Boston
The US could not fight this war alone and sought the French out for help. Ben Franklin was sent as a US rep to France to sway them but even the French didn't think it was a big deal. The Battle of Saratoga changed that and France started sending in troops.
General Cornwallis surrenders
All land south of Canada, north of Florida, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi was formally recognized and granted by Great Britain.
During Jefferson's presidency, Barbary pirates were taking over American ships in the Mediterranean and demanding a payoff in return for control. When they refused to pay, Tripoli declared war and Jefferson sent warships without the official consent of Congress
Jefferson passed the Embargo Act which cut off US trade with foreign nations.