...originally, called mesmerism and known as hypnosis.
Idea that a persons skull shape and placement of bumps on head can reveal personality traits.
and was known as the father of structuralism.
It suggests that their is a structure of the mind that includes the id, the superego and the ego.
which later became the foundation for functionalism. (considering everything as a whole, instead of breaking it down)
Edward B. Titchener, a leading proponent of structuralism , publishes his outline of psychology. Structuralism is the view that all mental experiences can be understood as a combination of simple elements or events. This approach focuses on the contents of the mind, contrasting with functionalism.
..Marking the beginning of Behavioral psychology. (perspective that focuses on observable and measurable behavior)
--In his studies of epilepsy, neuroscientist Wilder G. Penfield begins to uncover the relationships between chemical activity in the brain and psychological phenomena. His findings set the stage for widespread research on the biological role in psychological phenomena.
Emerges as the "third force" in psychology. Led by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow, this approach focuses on the conscious mind, free will, human dignity and the capactiy for self-actualization.
The term was coined by Ulric Neisser when he published the book "Cognitive Psychology". This perspective examines internal mental processes, such as creativity, perception, thinking, problem solving, memory and language. It is the opposite of the behaviorist perspective.