Revolutions in Russia

Zahra Hadi Mr. Braden World History B

Main

Army Officers Revolt

1875

the first of the rumblings among the citizens, time for a revolution in Russia

Czar Alexander III

1881

Czar Alexander III succeeds his father and halds all reforms in Russia, wanted autocracy

Pogroms

1881 - 1884

Alexander III issues a harsh wave of pogroms to rid Russia of Jewish people

Czar Alexander II Assasinated

1881

revolutionaries angry over the slow pace of change, czar assasinated, Russia headed toward a Revolution

Sergey Witte

1890

lauches program to boost economy and move country foreward with higher taxes and foreign investments

Trans-Siberian Railway

1891 - 1904

railway connects Russia accross the country, economic growth has impact on political views

Czar Nicholas II

1894

becomes Czar and refuses to give up autocratic power, but is forced to do so

Witte's Plans Work

1900

economy is better, world's 4th ranking priducer of steel

Marxists Split

1903

Russian Marxists split into two groups over revolutionary plans, Mensheviks and Bolsheviks

Japanese Attack

1904

Japanese attack Russians at Port Arthur, Manchuria and defeat Russians which causes unrest at home in Russia

Bloody Sunday

January 22, 1905

200,000 workers and families go to Czar's Winter Palace in St. Petersberg with petition asking for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and elected national legislature. Nicholas II not there, soldiers fire onto crowd, causes outrage amongst civillians

Duma

May 1906

Russia's first parliament created because of pressure on Nicholas II

World War I

1914

Russia enters WWI unprepared to handle military and economic costs of war. Germans defeat Russians repeatedly

Rasputin

1915

Czar Nicholas II away battling with soldiers to increase morale, Czarina Alexandria falls under influence of Rasputin and allows him to make political decisions

March Revolution

1917

women textile workers in Petrograd lead citywide strike and soon many join in who no longer want autocracy or war

Soviets

March 1917

Soviets- local councils of workers, easants, and soldiers, have more influence than government

Czar Steps Down

March 1917

Czar steps down and Duma establishes provisional government

Lenin Returns to Russia

April 1917

Lenin returns to Russia and organizes Bolshevik Revolution

Bolshevik Revolution

November 1917

provisional government ends and Bolshevik Red Guards take over

Perestroika

1985

economic restructuring to revive the economy by giving local managers greater authority over their farms and factories and allowing people to operate small private businesses

Borbachev's Glasnost

1985

a policy of openess for citizens to discuss ways to improve society

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

1987

Gorbachev signs with Reagan to ban nuclear missiles with ranges of 300-3400 miles because Soviets could no longer afford costly arms race

Democratization

1987

a gradual opening of the political system- new legislative body

Lithuania Declares Independence

March 1990

the first group to attempt to break off from the USSR

Lithuania Attacked

January 1991

in an attempt to get Lithuania back, Gorbachev orders an attack on Lithuania's capital- 14 killed, 150+ wounded

Boris Yeltsin Elected President

June 1991

first directly elected president of Russian Republic

August Coup

August 18, 1991

hard-liners detain Gorbachev and demand his resignation as president. State Committee rolls into Moscow with force but citizens stand strong for their freedoms

State Committee Troops Refuse to Fight

August 20, 1991

State Committee orders troops to attack parliament and they refuse

Military Withdraws

August 20, 1991

military withdraws forces from Moscow and Gorbachev returns

End of the Soviet Union

December 1991

by December all 15 republics had declared independence and Communist Party collapses

Commonwealth of Independent States

December 1991

Yeltsin meets with leaders of newly formed republics and creates CIS, a loose federation of former Soviet territories, Gorbachev resignes as President of Soviet Union