Major Italian Poet
wrote "Divine Comedy"
"Father of the Italian language"
Gothic art develops in France. Later to be replaced with Renaissance Art.
Father of Humanism
Period whence the pope lives in Avignon.
-took away cardinal power (they wanted only to elect pope's from their own region :( )
English philosopher and lay preacher. His followers were the Lollards. He was an opponent of the papacy and their conniving ways. Advocated vernacular-translations of the bible.
England vs. France over French throne.
-English used longbows and peasants
-French used the powers of the Joan of Arch women thing
Pandemic in Europe. Lotso' people dead :(
Caused religious and government skepticism
Huss was a religious reformer. Predicted reformation and stuffs. Excommunicated. Led the protestant ref. when it happened. Followers were called the "Hussites"
New intrest in classical ideals. Renaissance thrived in Italy because their ports and it's location were soooo good.
Western church was divided because of the three popes that fought for power.
A peasant revolt in Europe caused by frustration. Named after guy.
In order to find new trade routes.
WITCHES WERE SCAPEGOATS AHHHHHHHH
Council organized by the RCC. Put an end to the Great Schism.
Invented movable type thingy. Very important to the reformation.
Greater push of religion than other renaissance.
Proponent of religious toilets. and toleration. "Prince of humanists"
Brought stability to Spain. Sponsored Christopher Columbus. Introduced the Spanish inquisition to convert everyone to Cath.
"On the rev. of the heavenly spheres"
-95 thesis (started the revolution)
-diet of worms (meeting that excommunicated him)
Columbus says "Hey... look it's India".
He was actually in America. Duh. He did this to expand his territories.
A period of eco. expansion, colonialism etc. in Europe. Many discoveries. Created new wanting of exspansion.
"The fearsome Pope"
Protestant Reformation. MADE CALVINISM. (believes in predestination)
King of Eng. Known for his seperation of church and state from the RCC--> seperation of the Anglican church and Papal authority,f
Started with the Martin Luther's 95 Thesis. Creation of the protestant rel. Ends with the treaty of Westphalia.
Before Baroque. New Perspective, color use, etc.
The Schmaldick Wars
Thirty Years War
Peasants could not marry, had to pay a crap load of taxes, and were forbidden to hunt. They mad.
Against the RCC. Ends int he establishment of the Protestant Church,
Written in the Italian vernacular. Establishes a" Machiavellian Ruler".
Main leader of the Dutch Revolt vs. the Spanish.
Recognizes Henry VII as the "supreme head of church and state"
Places German election into the hands of 7 electors
Extreme Catholics. wowe.
begins with council of Trent and ends with the 30 years' war.
The council of Trent was the assembly of the RCC to address issues of heresy,