McAvoy Period 8
Emergence of Baroque and Mannerism art styles. Old religiously influenced art declines
Auhor of Dante's Inferno. Published and read during the Renaissance
Poet known as the "Father of Humanism"
Period of time when the papacy was cut off from Roman estates and had to raise their own funds.
King of England. Had many wives and fleeting romances.
Author of Decameron. Death marked the beginning of the Renaissance
A religious organization begun by John Wycliffe. They supported
A conflict between France and England that greatly affected European politics
Great plaque that wiped out 40 percent of Europe's population
Age of artistic, educational, and technological reforms beginning in Italy.
Agreemen to create a sevn member council to elect the Holy Roman Emperor
French peasant revolts
Period of time whrn the Catholic church was led by 2 and at one point 3 popes
Council summoned in Constanceto assert its supremacy and elect a new pope
Fllowers of John Huss who questioned the Catholic teaching of the Eucharist
Portugal was the country in the lead in the aspects of exploration of the New World but Spain soon surpassed.
Invented by Gutenberg. Proved profitable to printers and as a great aid to the Reformation
Renaissance in Northern Europe. Reformers were more concerned with religious and educational rerforms.
Period of time where women were singled out and murdered for evidence of performance of "witchcraft"
Leader of the Northern Renaissance. Aspired to unite classical beliefs with civic virtue and piety
Political marriage between two future sovereigns that secured the success of both of their states
European encounter with Native's in the New World. Brought diseases that killed Natives and returned diseases from the New World to Europe
Spanish Queen Isabella funds Christopher Columbus' voyage to the New World. Began Spain's long term dominance of colonial empires
Period of European economic expansion, colonialism and mercantilism
Considered the "warrior pope." Raised the papacy in the Renaissance to its military and diplomatic peak.
Powerful Protestant religious movement beginning in Germany during the late 16th Century and early 17th century.
A document written by Martin Luther opposing the selling of indulgences by the Catholic church.
Artistic style. Emphasizes human bodies and portrays humans in dramatic poses, situations and settings
Luther's excommunication from the Catholic church.
These revolts were caused by Martin Luther's views on the Catholic church and their practices however, Luther did not support these revolts.
A royal family. Origins in Scotland.
Impertnent in the Counter-Reformation. Believed in full submission to the authorities
War among the English states. Parliament and King struggle for power
A book written by Machiavelli for rulers on how to be a good ruler
Ruler who placed political auontomy and well-being of his people above religion
Henry VIII verdict that he was head over the Catholic Church. Because he needed a male heir.
Geneva was a Calvinist woman's utopia. Calvinists believed in predestination
Challenged Ptolemaic views in a conservative way
A meeting of leaders of the Catholic church in response to the Reformation to reform church practices.
Geocentric models. Greatly influential during the Scientfic Revolution.
Restored the throne to Catholic influence with an unpopular religious marriage to a Spanish king.
Decree recognizing that the ruler chooses th religion of his region. cuius regio, eus religo
Writer of the 39 Articles. Moderated Protestant views. Queen of England
Age of religious wars within France. Between Protestants and Catholics
Renaissance poet, actor and playright. Works influenced modern English language.
Rarely summoned parliament. Strong believer in Divine Right. Court was a center of scandal and corruption.
Resistance in the Netherlands to Philip's attempts to impose his will
The union of ten Catholic provinces in response to the Spansih Flury
Northern English provinces responded to the Reformation.
Document that moderated Protestant religious beliefs in England
Art. Greatl flmboyant, ornate, and flashy. Example: Versailles
French attacked Protestant church outside Paris.
Mary Stuart was a threat to Elizabeth I so she was executed
Philip II of Spain was heir to the Habsburg kingdom and head of the Spanish Armada which was defeated in 1588
French politique, Greatly beloved by his people,
Increase in demand for gods and services. Creaed demand for Industrial Revolution
Henry IV's declaration of the protection and toleration of the Huguenots
Period of time when Mercantilism was the primary economical structure in Europe. Mercantilism was the practice of the government holding power over trade. Limited resources. One nations wealth = anothers downfall
Period of time when the Dutch were the lead on economics and trade
Period of time before Louiz XIV was old enough to rule on his own. Mazarin took control.
First novel written by Cervantes
Assisstant to Tycho Brahe. Discovered planets traveling in ellipses
Ruler and bishop preceding Louis XIV. Basis of Louis XIV beliefs and practices
Henry of Navarre was assassinated by a Catholic in 1610
Religious war in the Holy Roman Empire. Both sides fought viciously for their beliefs
One of the most influential works of the Scientific Revolution. Portrayed the desire to seek understanding of the natural world.
Fecnh mathematician and scientist who allied himself with the Jansenists and believed in a "leap of faith" in religious matters
Attempted to rule without PArliamentary aid but needed their financial support for wars
Ended all hostilities within the Holy Roman Empire
French peasants threw sling shots
Period of time when Cromwell and Parliament ruled over England
Royal Society of London. Academies focusing on scientific teachings
Death of William of ORange adn emergence of England as a colonial power
Humankind is inherintly evil. Absolute monarchy
Gave Sophia of Hanover the English Throne
Ruled as Lord Protector after the end of the English Civil War
Son of Charles I. Happily restored to power after Cromwell's rule
Eland returned to its hereditary monarchy after the death of Cromwell and the restoration of Charles II to the throne
Group of colleges that tought about the new knowledge of the natural world
Buitl Versailles. L'etat, c'es moi. I am the state. Established Absolute rule in France. Dvinine Right
Replacement of James II by William and Mary in England. Represents beginning of Constitutional monarchy in Britain
Originated in France. Portrayed aristocracy at play.
Founded Petersburg. Known for his westernizing of Russia
European economical mechanization beginning in Britain
Last Catholic king. Replaced by William of Orange
Revoked the edict that gave French Huguenots freedom in France.
A book written by Newton on mathematics and Newtonian principles
Prussian ruler. Established Prussia as a military power
Document modifying English government
In the first, Locke rejected any argument for absolute government. In the second, he discussed the responsibility and response to concerns of th people
Ended because of scientific advances and declining wars and famine
War between Spain and Franc to decide who would inherit the Habsburg throne
Death of ruler that contributed to Netherlands decline
Guaranteed the succession of his daughter to the throne
Treaty ending the War of Spanish Succession
Nobles didnt know how to do their jobs becaus of the extravagance they'd lived in for so long at Versailles
Scheme concocted to increase Mississippi Company's revenue. Sold shares of the company for bonds. Businessmen sold their bonds for gold but the bank lacked the gold to reimburse,
Ascendensy based on support of royals, ability to handle the House of Commons, and control of government patronage
Enlightened despot. Made reforms in Russia based on enlightenment ideals
Public opinion. Spain attacekd English smugglers
War between Prussia and France over who has power of the Austrian Silesia
Considered the first Enlightened despot. Reformed his rule with ideas from the Enlightenment. Ruled for the people
Preserved Prussia as a major political power
Period of innovations in farm productions eventually leading to scientific and mechanized agriculture
When England uses Prussia as a distraction to enable it to invade France
The shifting of alliances to prevent worse wars
Book making fun of extreme ideas by the philisophes
Outlined political structure that he believed could overcome the corruption of he current political and societal structures
Treaty that made peace between France and England after the Seven Years Year
Enlightened despot. Made many economic reforms. Religious toleration
Invention allowing 16 spindles of thread to be spun at a time rather than one. Industrial Revolution invention
Invention taking cotton textile production out of domestic life and into factories. Industrial Revolution inventin
Ivention originally used for pumping but modified to convenience cotton mill production. Industrial Revolution invention.
American colonies revolt and separate from England
Human suffering is inevitable and their aren't enough resources to support humanity
Amazing and beautiful in every way.. Tyler will vouch
Period of time when peasants were afraid of Kings backlash to the revolution
Estates General meets
Beginning of the radical period of the Franch Revolution. French peasants stormed the Bastille castle
All men created free and equalo. Guiding document of the revolution
Oath between the Third Estate. To establish a new government
England's reaction to the Queen's brother's threat that they would attack if the royal family was injured
On paper, everyone is equal
Mob raids Versailles and captures teh royal family
The confiscation of Catholic lands. Resold with grants.
First meeting of the Legislative Assembly. Establishes new government
Woman philisoph. Wrote about equal woemn's rights
King is captured and put on trial as a citizen
Abolishment of monarchy. First republic voted into place
Louis tried as a citizen. Found guilty of being the King -treason. Executed with the guiotine
Condemned for treason against the Convention
Period of time when the Convention kills anyone who disagrees with tehm. Robespierre
Male draft into the French army
Deism made the official religion
Robespierres form of deism. Ratioanl. Enlightened
Attempted to convict people in the Convention of treason. Was executed.
Constitution favoring the middle class.
Weak and overthrown by Napolean
Weakened the Directory to establish himelf as Consulate