Jazz and Popular Music of the Twentieth Century

Events

Ragtime

1897 - 1915

Beginning of Rock and Roll

1955

Early Beatles tours

1963

Beatles, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band

1967

Woodstock Festival

1969

Elton John, Captain Fantastic

1975

Punk Rock emerges

1976

Disco becomes popular

1978

Frank Zappa, Joe's Garage, vol. 1-3

1979

Michael Jackson's album Thriller; best-selling album of all time

1980

Rap movement emerges

1980

Bruce Springsteen, Born in the USA

1984

Jerry Garcia, founder of the Grateful Dead, died

1996

American Composers and Musicians

Scott Joplin

1868 - 1917

W. C. Handy

1873 - 1958

Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton

1885 - 1941

Jerome Kern

1885 - 1945

Joe "King" Oliver

1885 - 1938

Ma Rainey

1886 - 1939

Al Jolson

1886 - 1950

Cole Porter

1892 - 1964

Walter Donaldson

1893 - 1947

Bessie Smith

1894 - 1937

George Gershwin

1898 - 1937

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington

1899 - 1974

Hoagy Carmichael

1899 - 1981

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong

1900 - 1971

Frederick Loewe

1901 - 1988

Richard Rogers

1902 - 1979

Earl "Fatha" Hines

1903 - 1983

Thomas "Fats" Waller

1904 - 1943

William "Count" Basie

1904 - 1984

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby

1904 - 1977

Glenn Miller

1904 - 1944

Tommy Dorsey

1905 - 1956

Johnny Mercer

1909 - 1976

Benjamin "Benny" Goodman

1909 - 1986

Frank Sinatra

1915 - 1998

Billie Holiday

1915 - 1959

Harry James

1916 - 1983

Thelonious Monk

1917 - 1982

John "Dizzy" Gillespie

1917 - 1993

Ella Fitzgerald

1918 - 1996

Alan Jay Lerner

1918 - 1986

Charlie Parker

1920 - 1955

Bill Haley

1925 - 1981

Chuck Berry

1926 - Present

Miles Davis

1926 - 1991

Burt Bacharach

1928 - Present

Stephen Sondheim

1930 - Present

Ray Charles

1930 - 2004

Elvis Presley

1935 - 1977

Neil Diamond

1941 - Present

Bob Dylan

1941 - Present

Paul Simon

1941 - Present

Marvin Hamlisch

1944 - 2012

Bruce Springsteen

1949 - Present

Lionel Richie

1950 - Present

Michael Jackson

1958 - 2009

Wynton Marsalis

1961 - Present

English Musicians and Composers

John Lennon

1940 - 1980

Andrew Lloyd Webber

1948 - Present