Early Twentieth Century (1900-1945)

Events

Wright brothers first airplane flight

1903

World War I

1914 - 1918

Panama Canal opened

1915

First printed use of the term Russian Revolution

1917

Television developed

1939

World War II

1939 - 1945

Atomic bomb destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

American Composers and Musicians

Mrs. H. H. A. Beach

1867 - 1944

Charles Ives

1874 - 1954

William Grant Still

1895 - 1978

Roger Sessions

1896 - 1985

George Gershwin

1898 - 1937

Aaron Copland

1900 - 1990

Ruth Porter Crawford (Seeger)

1901 - 1953

Austrian Composers and Musicians

Arnold Schoenberg

1874 - 1951

Anton Webern

1883 - 1945

Alban Berg

1885 - 1935

Ernst Krenek

1900 - 1991

Brazilian Composers and Musicians

Heitor Villa-Lobos

1887 - 1959

Czech Composers and Musicians

Leos Janacek

1854 - 1928

English Composers and Musicians

Edward Elgar

1857 - 1934

Ralph Vaughan Williams

1872 - 1958

French Composers and Musicians

Claude Debussy

1862 - 1918

Erik Satie

1866 - 1925

Maurice Ravel

1875 - 1937

Edgar Varese

1883 - 1965

Nadia Boulanger

1887 - 1979

Darius Milhaud

1892 - 1974

Lili Boulanger

1893 - 1918

German Composers and Musicians

Paul Hindemith

1895 - 1963

Carl Orff

1895 - 1982

Hungarian Composers and Musicians

Bela Bartok

1881 - 1945

Mexican Composers and Musicians

Carlos Chavez

1899 - 1978

Russian Composers and Musicians

Igor Stravinsky

1882 - 1971

Sergei Prokofiev

1891 - 1953

Dmitri Shostakovitch

1906 - 1975

Spanish Composers and Musicians

Manuel de Falla

1876 - 1946

Swiss Composers and Musicians

Ernest Bloch

1880 - 1959

Arthur Honneger

1892 - 1955

Prominent Historical Figures

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Winston Churchill

1874 - 1965

Josef Stalin

1879 - 1953

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

1882 - 1945

Harry S. Truman

1884 - 1972

Adolf Hitler

1889 - 1945

Charles DeGaulle

1890 - 1970