Civil Rights time Line

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the Emancipation Proclamation

1863 - 1865

The Emancipation Proclamation is a military order issued to the Army and Navy of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War. It was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces; it was not a law passed by Congress. It proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory to be forever free; that is, it ordered the Army to treat as free men the slaves in ten states that were still in rebellion.

the first black member of congress

1870

Sen. Hiram Revels, the first African American

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

a case on separate but equal rights that were being challenged.

N.A.A.C.P.

1909

and order brought together to stop racial hate/discrimination.

Jackie Robinson integrates Major League baseball

1947

jackie robinson makes it into an all white baseball team.

Brown v. board of education

1954

board of education wanting to mix races in the schools .

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

where blacks refused to ride the busses until they created a law where seats weren't segregated.

Rosa parks arrested

1955

rosa parks arrested for refusing to give up a "white seat" on the bus.

Southern Manifesto

1956

a document written in February and March 1956, in the United States Congress, in opposition to racial integration of public places. The manifesto was signed by 99 politicians (97 Democrats) from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. The Congressmen drafted the document to counter the landmark Supreme Court 1954 ruling Brown v. Board of Education, which determined that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional.

crisis at little rock (little rock nine)

1957

after the desegregation of schools 9 african americans decided to attend one of these schools and after seemed like a war of the students erupted until the military was brought in to ease things down.

S.C.L.C. founded

1960

is an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.

The Freedom rides

1961

were groups of civil rights activists that would ride interstate buses to "free states and stay there."

U.S Army helps enroll James Meredith at Ole' Miss

1962

Medgar Evers Murdered

1963

assasinated by a leader of the Klu Klux Klan

Letter from the birmingham jail

1963

A letter written by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. criticizing eight white men that were saying that desegregation should be fought in the courts not the streets.

March on Washington and "I have a dream"

1963

the world famous march lead by and spoken at by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr..

Freedom summer

1964

A civil rights movement in 1964, named Freedom Summer, was a campaign launched to get African Americans in the southern United States registered to vote. Thousands of students and civil rights activists, both white and black, joined the organization, Congress on Racial Equality (CORE) and traveled to southern states to register voters. In was in this atmosphere that three civil rights workers were killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

Malcom X separates from the Nation of Islam

1964

influential leader of the civil rights era.

the Mississipi burning incident

1964

a churched that was burned by the Klu Klux Klan due to violent progressions.

the march from Selma to Montgomery

1965

A march that was mostly based on the african Americans wanting to vote.

Malcom X murdered

1965

multiple gunshot wounds eventually killed him.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated

1965

assassinated by James Earl Ray.

Watts riots

1965

a riot in L.A. because racial discrimination was banned in L.A but the people didn't agree.

Voting rights act of 1965

1965

an act that stopped all practice of racial discrimination in america.

Black Panther Party created

1966

organization for black power.

detroit riots

1967

police raid of an unlicensed bar, leading to be one of the biggest riots in american history.

Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the Summer olympics

1968

both placed in the podium at the summer olympic games of 1968 and showing there loyalty to black power by saluting as they received there medals.

Barack Obama elected President of the United States of America

2008

became the first ever african american president of the united states.