Rachel Rubis: AP World Timeline 600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.


Silla Dynasty

57 C.E. - 935 C.E.

Kingdom in the southeast of the peninsula of Korea. Encouraged by the Tang to take control of much of the peninsula. Relied on support from the Tang, and it collapsed as the Tang fell in the early 900s

Kingdom of Ghana

500 - 1076

Africans exported large quantities of gold from Ghana. Collapsed due to invading Muslim Berbers attempting to spread Islam. Depended on a well-developed agriculture base and control of the lucrative regional and trans-Saharan trade routs. Preceded Mali in the western Sudan.

First Bubonic Plague Pandemic

500 - 600

Called the "Plague of Justinian." Demographic crisis. Shared by the late Roman Empire and Byzantium.


570 - 632

Arab prophet. Founder of the religion of Islam. Experienced revelations about one god and about what would happen to souls after death until his death. Spoke to by the angel Gabriel.

Sui Dynasty

581 - 615

Dynasty under which the reunification of China after centuries of division took place. Collapsed after only 34 years. Paved the way for the powerful and long-lasting Tang dynasty. Its practices strongly influenced the Tang.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Empire unifying China and part of Central Asia. The Tang emperors presided over magnificent court at their capital, Chang'an.

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

First hereditary dynasty of Muslim caliphs. From the capital Damascus, Umayyads ruled an empire that extended form Spain to India. Overthrown by the Abbasid Caliphate.

Nara Period

710 - 784

Japan's early capital. Provides invaluable evidence of the wooden architecture long since vanished form China. Showed how well the Japanese mastered Chinese building techniques.

Abbasid Dynasty

750 - 1258

Descendants of the Prophet Muhammad's uncle, al-Abbas. Overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate and ruled an Islamic empire from their capital in Baghdad.

Reign of Charlemagne

768 - 814

King of the Franks (r. 768-814); emperor (r. 800-814). Through a series of military conquests, he established the Carolingian Empire, which encompassed all of Gaul and parts of Germany and Italy. Sponsored brief intellectual revival.

Heian Period

794 - 1185

Capital of Japan moved from Nara. Provided invaluable evidence of the wooden architecture long since vanished form China.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Empire in central and southern China (960-1126). Empire in southern China (1127-1279). Distinguished for its advances in technology, medicine, astronomy, and mathematics.

Seljuk Control over Abbasid Dynasty

1030 - 1157

Relief on the Abbasid caliph after a century under the thumb of the Shi'ite Buyids. Sunni Turks. Cities shrank as pastoralists overran their agricultural hinterlands. Tax revenues and irrigation works suffered.

Schism between eastern and western Christian Church


Formal split in the religious community. "Great Western Schism". Division of churches.

Norman Invasion of England


Led by William the Conqueror, the duke of Normandy. Brought Anglo-Saxnon domination of the island to and end.

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Captured Jerusalem in 1099. Established four crusader principalities, the most important being the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Original religious ardor had so diminished that the commanders agreed, at the urging of the Venetians, to sack Constantinople first to help pay the cost of transporting the army by ship.

Fall of Constantinople to the Venetians


The Fourth Crusade. To support the cost of transporting the army by ship.

Reign of Chinggis Khan

1206 - 1227

The title of Temujin when he ruled the Mongols. It means the "oceanic" or "universal" leader. Founder of the Mongol Empire.

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

Centralized Indian empire of varying extent. Created by Muslim invaders.

Kingdom of Angkor

1215 - 1400

Capital city of Cambodia. Complex systems were vulnerable to disruption. Irrigation systems fell to ruin.

Mali Empire

1240 - 1500

Created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa. Famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade. Succeeded Ghana. Bigger than Ghana. Rulers were Muslim who fostered the spread of Islam among the political and trading elite of empire.

Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

1250 - 1450

City, now in ruins, with many stone structures built when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state.

Reign of Kublai Khan

1260 - 1294

Last of the Mongol Great Khans and founder of the Yuan Empire. Gave Confucians lower statuses. Capital was called "Great Capital" or "City of the Khan". Encouragement of medicine.

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

Empire created in China and Siberia by Khubilai Khan. Destroyed the Southern Song.

Mongol conquest of all of China


Led by Genghis Khan, and later Kublai Khan defeating many dynasties and kingdoms including the Southern Song and the Jin Dynasty.

Marco Polo's Trip to China

1271 - 1291

Served the emperor Khubilai Khan as an ambassador and as the governor of a Chinese province for many years. His accounts are questioned.

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

Most traveled scholar of his time. Moroccan Muslim. Wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands fro China to Spain and the western Sudan.

Reign of Mansa Musa

1312 - 1337

Ruler of Mali. Pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca from 1324 to 1325 established the empire's reputation fro wealth in the Mediterranean world.


1336 - 1405

Also called "Timur". Member of a prominent family of the MOngols' Jagadai Khanate. Through conquest gained control over much of Central Asia and Iran. Consolidated the status of Sunni Islam as orthodox, and his descendants, the Timurids, maintained his empire for nearly a century and founded the Mughal Empire in India.

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Series of campaigns over control of the throne of France. Involved English and French royal families and French noble families.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Based in China that Zhu Yuanzhang established after the overthrow of the Yuan Empire. Emperor Yongle sponsored the building of he Forbidden City and voyage of Zheng He. Later years saw a slowdown in technological development and economic decline.

Zheng He's Expeditions

1405 - 1433

Imperial eunuch and Muslim. Entrused by Ming Emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, form Southeast Asia to Africa. Cemented alliances with the Ming Empire, collect taxes, and pursued commercial relations with the Middle East and possibly Africa.

Inca Empire

1438 - 1533

Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.

Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans


With it came the end of the Byzantine Empire. Ottomans had come in the same wave of Turkic migrations as the Seljuks.