An Italian writer/philosopher that helped to codify Italian. Wrote "Dante's Inferno" and solidified the notion of Hell.
Was known as the father "Humanism" which was the idea that increasing knowledge was beneficial including the dignity of man, classicism, and rhetoric.
Where a Frenchman inherited the Papal throne, but refusing to move to Rome, he moved to Avignon, France. This began the Great Schism.
Boccaccio was a writer who used critic and satire to address problems in the world. He was affiliated with Petrarch, the father of humanism.
A religious reformer who was against the Catholic Church and the Hussites-- John Huss.
Set the precedent for the modern world. The Renaissance enacted though of secularism, and the importance of the individual.