Bethany Keupp McAvoy Period 3
Writer during Rennaissance
Author of Dante's Inferno, Vita Nuova and Divine Comedy
Celebrated Ancient Rome
Held Scholastics in contempt
"Father of Humanism"
French Pope, moves papacy to Avignon, France. Precursor to Great Schism
Wrote about reactions to Black Death
Wrote Decameron, a social commentary
England vs. France
Devastated France but awakened nationalism. Burgundy Became major European power. Tax burden fell on peasants.
Started in Constantinople in 1346 spreading to Sicily in 1347. Hit Europe with full force in 1348. Huge drop in population.
Established electoral college that elected Holy Roman Emperor. Made Emperor weak
Early church reformer. Had many peasant followers
Three Popes. Power struggle-who had power, Pope or Cardinals? Eventually Pope.
French peasant revolts
Early church reformer.
Solves great schism. Elects a new Pope
Allowed for reformation to spread much faster
Criticized the pope. Political and educational reformer.
Made Spain Stronger
Columbus finds New World.
Exploring the New World
France troops had been invited in and then they turned on them
People needed scapegoats for all of the problems
Exchange of goods from Europe to the colonies
Warrior Pope. Many wars. Actived foreign policy
Many wives. Separated from Catholic Church to gain a male heir
A book instructing leaders how to effectively rule a country. New thoughts
Broke away from church. New religions founded
Posted to church door by Martin Luther. Created cinversation and debate about church reforms. Spread rapidly due to Printing Press
Allowed artist to put his feeling into his art.
Luther refuses to repent 95 Theses and is excommunicated
Peasants revolt because of Luther's ideas. Luther condemns them so he can stay under the protection of the rulers
Church is under the state
United Netherlands against Spain. Politique
Made church under state
Counter Reformers supported church
Heliocentric model beginning
Reaffirms church doctrine. Removes corruption. Response to Reformation
Did much research on the geocentric model.
Bloody Mary. Hated because she was Catholic.
Ruler of the state pick the religion
Steered middle course on religion. Politique
Thirty Years war was the last
Made Protestant religion of England.
Codified english language
Tulip bubble. Rising economically due to ship building
Catholics brutally attacked Hugenots
After Spanish Fury. Spanish mercenaries killed 7000 people in Antwerp.
Declared internal religious uniformity
William of Orange unites Netherlands
Executed for planning to kill Elizabeth
Tries to invade England. Fails and is destroyed
Politique. Passes Edict of Nantes
Raised standard of living
Executes king. Becomes leader after the revolt of Parliament
Forced religious toleration. Granted freedoms to Hugenots
Very elaborate and religious
Replaced with Neoclassicism
Prussia becomes a military power
Economic system controlled by the government based on the idea that there are limited resources. Favorable balance of trade
Catholic. KIng James Bible
Story about a madman
Assasinated by a Catholic fanatic
Made France a leading Power
Last religious war. Started religious thenh became a power struggle
Took Brahe's observations and used them to support heliocentric. Discovered eliptical motion of planets
Believe just in case
Raised taxes w/out Parliament
Disagreed with church
Rejected scholastic philosophy and advocated math
Short-Disbanded shortly after called
Long-Called to collect taxes
Parliament vs. Monarchy
Attempted royal administration on France
Moves palace to Versailles. Diminishes power of nobles
Ended hostilities in Holy Roman Empire. Gave Calvinists legal recognition
Run by men but hosted by women
England became ship building leaders causing the Netherlands to lose economic upper hand
Man in SON is inherently evil. Supported absolute monarchy
James restored as King
Was monarch after Cromwell.
Was monarch after Cromwell.
Series of improvements in agriculture that created less famine and more food. Potato
Westernizes Russia. Gains land. Moves government to St. Petersburg
William and Mary take power through bloodless coup
Natue is like a clock. God wound it up and then left it be.
Father of Frederick The Great. Begins Prussia's Militarianism
Man is inherently good. Tabula Rosa-Blank Slate. Social contract, natural rights
Limited powers of Monarchy and garunteed civil liberties to priviledged classes
Fight over port in Baltic Sea. Warm weather port-year round trade
Involved Western Europe
Said that if Queen Anne died, the crown would go to the house of Hanover in in Germany
More elaborate than Baroque
Done by Charles IV to garuntee that the Spanish throne would go to Maria Theresa
Ends War of Spanish Succession
Since none of the nobles had to do any ruling, no one knew how to handle the country and France was weakened
France couldn't raise the money to pay back their debt so their economy collapsed.
First Prime Minister.
"Enlightened Despot" however she was reliant on the nobles and didn't get to institute the reforms she wanted to.
War fought against Spain because they cut off Robet Jenkis ear. Public Opinion
Prussia took advantage Austria being ruled by a female monarch
Made Prussia military power. gained lots of land. Enlightened despot. First servant of the state
Leader of Austria because of Pragmatic Sanction
Many advances. Manufacturing moved from houses to factories
Helped England get the Americas
Countries change sides in wars based on strategy not hostilities
Satire on Society and Religion
Men and women in seperate spheres
England took territory in France
Enlightened Despot. Eliminated serfdom.
Spinners could produce yarn twice as fast
First source of steady and almost unlimited source of power
What moved cotton production out of home and into factories
France aids Americans
Peasants revolt and burn legal papers that would prove they are peasants
Austria threatens war and so France forces it
Locke's ideas;All men are created equal
National Assembly meets in a tennis court and swears to write a constitution
On paper nobles are same as everyone else
Women are hungry and form a mob
Created clergy loyal to state and clergy loyal to church
Very Radical First Meeting
No more monarch. First republic voted into place
Women should get political rights
Found guilty of being the King and is executed
Feel threatened by the amount of supporters Danton had
Anyone who was too revolutionary or not revolutionary enough we executed
Planted seed of suspicion that grew to him
Easily overthrown by Napolean. He weakens it to take it over
Establish new constitution that benefits the middle class
Napolean takes over. Easy because he provides stability.