United Fruit Company is hired by the Guatemalan government to run its national Post Office.
99 year Railroad License
United Fruit Company is granted a 99 year unlimited license to build railroads in Guatemala and cultivate lands along tracks.
General Jorge Ubico begins reign
General Jorge Ubico took power. Still known as one of the most ruthless rulers in Central America.
Amid protest and revolution General Jorge Ubico resigns from office.
Los Diez Anos de la Primavera
1945 - 1955
The "ten years of spring" began when university professor Juan Jose Arevalo took office.
Worker Protection Code
Arevalo signs the worker protection code that gave worker rights to the citizens of Guatemala
Elections were held this year. Arevalo became the first Guatemalan president to finish a term.
Jacobo Arbenz became the first democratically elected president of a Central American country.
Arbenz nationalizes a quarter of a million acres of United Fruit land to be redistributed among citizens. This was viwed as an act of communism.
President Eisenhower authorizes the CIA to oust the Arbenz government.
After a brief battle Arbenz is forced to resign.
United Fruit Press Campaign
Press Campaign begins
The United Fruit Company beings a propaganda campaign in the U.S. against the Guatemalan government ran by Jacobo Arbenz
First "Fact Finding" Trip
The United Fruit Company brings various US newspapers and magazines on a "fact finding" trip see the conditions of workers and so called communist doings of the Guatemalan government.
"Report on Guatemala - 1952"
John Clements being to circulate his infamous report on the Guatemalan government. The reports makes numerous claims of communist acts and ties by the government and is circulated through agencies like the CIA and through congress.
"Red Agents" Story
Edward Bernays plants a story with an editor of the New York Times about a school in Prague where Latins were being trained to be Red Agents
Braden Speech at Dartmouth
Spruille Braden made a speech at Dartmouth College criticizing President Eisenhower for failing to intervene in Guatemala to stop a "Communist takeover".