AP Euro 1st Semester Timeline

Religion

All events that involved Religion

The Avignon Papacy

1309 - 1377

This is basically saying that the pope moves to Avignon and since where ever the pope is, that's where all the money goes, that's where it went. Italy (pope's previous location) got mad at the french.

The Great Schism

1378 - 1417

This started because of the death of Gregory XI, which makes a couple of other popes step up to take his place. Then the council of Pisa is a butt and adds a 3rd pope, which lasts a year, and then the council of Constance fixes everything and it's back to one pope. However, thanks to this, this reduces the authority of the pope/papal, and monarchies become stronger.

The Protestant Reformation And Catholic Reform on The Continent

1517 - 1563

...

The Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Addressed protestant reformation, addressed catholic corruption, didn't change church doctrine

Edict of Nantes

1598 - 1685

Gave Huguenots freedom

Government

All events that involved Government

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

English Bill of Rights was created

Establishment of Directory

1795 - 1796

Separation of power, Year III

The Consulate of France

1799 - 1804

Mainly focuses on the third state, and all the new opportunities it gave them, peasant or not.

Monarchy

All events that involved the monarch

The Golden Bull

1356 - 1360

It's that a papal group elects the emperor. (End date not accurate)

Fronde

1649 - 1652

(I didn't know how exactly to categorize this) This was basically a rebellion of Nobles that was obnoxiously violent and bloody, and also effects Louis XIV's decisions later in life during his reign.

The Austrian Recession

1740 - 1748

It basically gave power to Maria Theresa, the daughter of the current Austrian person

Current Events

Events at the time

The Black Death

1346 - 1350

The Black Death basically killed 40% of Europe's population, therefore disturbing the economy due to lack of work labor. Peasant revolts also followed and effected the power of the clergy thanks to the flagellants.

The Renaissance of Italy

1375 - 1527

Ideas of Humanism emerged, new classes, art, and a political decline for Italy.

Witch Hunts

1400 - 1700

Witch hunts were because people were paranoid, and they also technically existed. So they were scapegoats.

Spanish Voyages of Columbus

1492 - October 12 1492

Yay Columbus found the new world and exchanged things with them and found new merchandise and resources and blah.

Colombian Exchange

1492 - 1800

Basically when Spain went over to 'America' and exchanged food, cultures, diseases, etc. (Obviously diseases were not intended)

Italy's political Decline

1494 - 1527

The declined through a invasion by the french, a decrease in trade, and the counter reformation. This was basically that the church was power hungry and they went around censoring art. It also inspired Machiavelli to write his book The Prince about proper leadership.

Commercial Revolution

1500 - 1799

A bunch of mercantilism and discovery of new lands.

The (German) Reformation

1517 - 1525

Just... yeah. Stuff happened. It involved 'fixing' Germany

(German) Peasant Revolts

1524 - 1525

Peasants wanted a self governed government and religious freedom. And of course- peasants were shut up by a lot of them getting killed.

The English Reformation

1529 - 1603

The English Reformation

Union of Utrecht

1579 - 1609

Provinces in the Netherlands revolted against Spain, and this happened by William of Orange uniting everyone

Industrail Revolution

1750 - 1850

New inventions such as the discovery of the power of steeeaaaammmmm

Phase II of F. Rev. "Radical Phase"

1792 - 1794

Reign of Terror, Republic of virtue, Cult of reason.

Phase III of F. Rev "Reaction"

1794 - 1799

(Specifically the reaction of Thermidorian) They back away from a radical republican, Napoleon steps into the game

Wars

Wars at the time

100 Years War

1337 - 1453

Nobles vs. Nobles, This happened because England had some land in France, but they didn't want to give it up. Joan of Arc ended the war by making the French realize that they suck and they need to centralize/modernize themselves.

Jacquerie

1358 - 1359

Peasant revolt against nobles, and nobles ended up killing a bunch of peasants.

The French Wars of Religion

1562 - 1598

9 Separate wars, which was really about the nobles trying to get power back, NOT REALLY RELIGION

The Spanish Armada

1587 - 1588

So this was to increase the population of Spain and gain more power by dominating more places and getting more cash. However, the English put a stop to them

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Triggered by the defenestration of Prague.It started as a religious war, but then ended as a power struggle. France vs Hapsburg

War of Spanish Sucession

1701 - 1714

Triggered by the Treat of Utrecht, and it was basically France vs. Everyone else. Because of this France lost Canada, and then some territories in 'America'.

The Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

French vs. Indian war, sort of the first world war. Fought over two issues: Brti and France are always one-upping each other and continental struggle between Prussia and Austria

The Diplomatic Revolution

1756 - 1757

Shift of alliances, France & Hapsburg vs. G. Britain & Prussia

Modern Stage of F. Rev.

1789 - 1792

Calling of the Estates General, financial crisis, writes a constitution

People

People and leaders who were important

John Wycliffe

1328 - 1384

Thought that the church was too political and was a threat to the churches power

John Huss

1372 - 1415

He was the leader of the Hussites and doubted the specialness of the clergy

William of Orange

1533 - 1584

A politique who switched to being a Calvinist to show that religion wasn't important, however the good of the state was.

Puritan Republic

1653 - 1660

A group of people who were neither puritan or republic, conquered Scotland & Ireland, and was brought together by Great Britain. Lead by Cromwell.

Louis XIV

1661 - 1715

Louis's personal reign, created a divine right monarchy, HIS WORD WAS LAW.

Peter The Great

1682 - 1725

The big old violent guy from Russia, and wants a safe monarchy from the nobility.

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

One of the most influential philosophers of the Enlightenment that wrote multiple books that inspired many philosophes