Jocelyn Wallen AP Euro Pd.5

Main

Dante

1265 - 1321

wrote the divine comedy and dante's inferno

Petrarch

july 20, 1304 - july 19, 1374

father of humanism

Avignon Papacy(Babylonian Captivity)

1309

clement V moves the papacy to france

Boccaccio

june 16, 1313 - december 31, 1375

important friend of petrarch humanist

Lollards: John Wycliffe

1320 - 1384

Philosopher andprotestant who criticized the church also translated the bible into the vernacular (1320-1384 was his life the lollards exsisted longer as his followers)

The 100 Years War

1337 - 1453

Edward III of England lays claim to french throne, so does Phillip the fair of france

The Black Death

1348 - 1800

killed 30% of the euro pop. lowered labor raised wages finally quit reoccurring around 1800

The Golden Bull

1356

temporary fix to the holy roman empire

Jacquerie

1358

peasant revolt in france easily squelched

Hussites: John Huss

1369 - july 6, 1415

burned at the stake for writing against the church and condemning certain sacraments

The Italian Renaissance

1375 - 1527

1527 ends with invasions of italy by france

The Great Scism

1378 - 1417

Urban VI Clement VII Alexander V

Agricultrual Revolution

1400 - 1800

farms changed the enclosure method new innovations for crops and huge jumps in food productions and drops in the ammount of space used

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

ended the great schism and elected martin V

Printing Press- Guttenberg

1440

guttenberg bible and huge jump in literacy and book sales print culture

The Northern Renaissance

1450 - 1527

ended around the same time as the italian renaissance much darker vision of life, obsession with death

Erasmus

1456 - 1536

prince of humanists dutch supported religious tolerance during the renaissance

Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain

1474 - 1526

ruled efficiently were catholic exiled other religions especially muslims

Henry VIII's rule

1491 - 1547

Angelican church founder had 6 wives divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived

The Columbian Exchange

1492

the exchange of goods, services, animals, slaves, and disease between europe and africa and the new world after its discovery

Columbus/ Start of the spanish empire

1492

began with columbus's discovery of the new world and the spanish take over of south america and mexico

Consumer Revolution

1500 - 1800

the gradual pick up of the consumption of goods in europe

Pope Julius II r.

1503 - 1513

the fearsome or warrior pope

John Calvin- Geneva

july 10, 1509 - may 27, 1564

french theologian during protestant reformation began Calvinism which was very extreme in comparison to other religions

Machiavelli: The Prince

1513

Written 1513 for a noble friend published1532 after his death

95 Thesis

1517

Posts thesis begins reformation

Mannerism (Until the boroque)

1520 - 1580

art style known for being at the end of the high renaissance

Martin Luther's Ecommunication / Diet of Worms

June 15, 1520

Luther was condemned and given 60 days to recant. april 1521 Luther's diet of worms to Charles V

German Peasant Revolts

1524 - 1525

Greedy church causes peasants to revolt easily squelched

The Protestant Reformation

1525 - 1763

Began when Martin Luther tacked the 95 thesis on the door of the church in Germany and ended at the same time as the 7 years war.

William of Orange (The Silent)

1533 - 1584

founded the house of orange

Elizabeth I r.

september 7, 1533 - march 24,1603

made many tolerant changes within england

Jesuits Society of Jesus

1540

founded 1540 ignaitus of loyala millitary background willing to live in extreme conditions

Copernicus On the Rev. of Heavanly Spheres

1543

heliocentric model

The Council of Trent

December 1545 - December 1563

Part of the Counter Reformation enforced traditional catholic ideals.

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

astronomer credited with cataloging many stars

Henry IV of France r.

1553 - 1610

was assassinated, first bourbon monarch of france

Mary I of England r.

1553 - 1558

bloody mary Henry VIII only surviving child with cathrine of aragon

Peace of Augsburg

1555

gave each prince the right to chose either Catholicism or protestantism for his people

Henry VII/ Eng. Reformation

1559 - 1688

Henry VIII began to reform the church created the angelican church of his own need for marriage reasons hence beginning the english reformation

Mary Stuart Executed

1561

preceded by elizabeth i

French Religious Wars

1562 - 1598

fought between catholics and hugenots(protestants) concluded by the edict of nantes

Thirty nine Articles

1562

promoted religious toleration in england

Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

greatest playwright of all time

Dutch Revolt (Agianst Spain)

1568 - 1648

Dutch revolt against Phillip II of Spain(Catholic) become Dutch republic Religiously tolerant

St. Bartholemew's Day Massacre

1572

Catholic tricked protestants into revealing themselves and massacred them

Spanish Armada

1588

spanish dislike that Elizabeth the first took the english throne tried to invade but were destroyed creating more english power

Edict of Nantes

april 13, 1598

gave huganots rights in france

Baroque Art

1600 - 1720

Versailles

Witch Hunts

1600 - 1750

the height of the witch hunt times

James I of England r.

1603 - 1625

son of mary queen of scotts very disliked for trying to cause religious intolleration

Kepler the New Astronomy

1609

proves the heliocentric model

Louis XIII r. (Richlieu)

1610 - 1643

became king at 9 richlieu advised untill of age

Henry IV assasinated

May 14, 1610

First bourbon monarch of france

Cervantes: Don Quixote

July 1614

About a crazy guy and his quest

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Religious war mainly in central europe between protestants and catholics

Bacon Norvum Organum

1620

the published scientific method

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

french philosopher

Charles I of England r.

1625 - 1649

struggled for power against parliament deeply mistrusted executed

Charles II r.

1630 - 1685

executed during the english civil war

Galileo Condemned

1633

for saying scientific things that the church did not agree with

Descartes Discourse on Method

1637

all about how to use reason to seek truth

Louis XIV r.

1638 - 1715

the sun king built Versailles bourbon

Long Parliament/ Short Parliament

1640

called by charles i in 1640 due to his lack of economic power

The English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Roundheads vs Cavaliers resulted that monarch can not act w/o the approval of parliment long parliament/rump parliament Cromwell very hated puritan ties

Hobbes Leviathan

1642

hobbes ideas about social contract and state of nature man is evil...

The Dutch Golden Age

1648 - 1700

herring special boats monopolized trade

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

french civil war that was parliament vs nobles

Commercial Revolution

1650 - 1750

Silk becomes prominent mercantilism rises

Act of Settlement

1652

used to punish the irish rebels

Royal Society of London Founded

1662

a meeting of philosophers that discussed science and philosophy

Emergence/ Dominance of Robert Walpole

1676 - 1745

1st prime minister of england

Peter the Great r.

1682 - 1696

turned backward russia into a great power not unlike western europe

James the second r.

1685 - 1688

overthrown by william III

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes

1685

raised tension with protestants in france revoked by louis xiv

Newton's Principia Mathmatica

july 5, 1687

written 2 years previous to the publish date. about physics and the laws of gravitation

Locke Two Treatises of Government

1689

published anonymously natural rights and contract theory

Emergence of rococco

1700

emerges about 1700 as a continuation of the baroque very light hearted

The Great Northern War (Russia/Sweden)

1700 - 1721

russia denmark and saxony successfully over throw sweden

Neoclassicism

1700 - 1800

the art style of the enlightenment made fun of old regime

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

decided whether or not spain's throne would go to a bourbon monarch

Fredrick II the great of Prussia r.

1712 - 1786

best known for millitary skills enlightened absolutist

Charles IV of Austria Pragmatic Sanction

1713

ensured that maria theresa could take the throne

Treaty of Utrect

1714

ends the war of spanish succession

Maria Theresa r.

1717 - 1780

stopped prussia from taking away all austrian lands promoted religious tolerance

Death of Louis XIV

september 1, 1717

Mississippi Bubble

1718 - 1720

a scheme that john law engineered that hurt france economically

War of Jenkins Ear

1739 - 1748

spanish board english ships, bad day, war

The War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

dispute between prussia and austria that later embodied more of europe the war of jenkins ear

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

huge leaps in production and textile spinning jenny invented aswell as water frame and steam engine

Decline of Gothic art

1750

the beginning of the end of the gothic style

Italy's Decline

1750

invasions loss of money napoleon boneapart conquered much of northern italy aswell

Diplomatic Revolution

1756

france allies with austria and britain with prussa

Rousseau Emile and The Social Contract

1762

one of the most influential doc/ideas of the time

Voltaire Candide

1762

a story that expresses voltaires ideas on religion among other things

Cathrine the Great of Russia r.

1762 - 1796

longest ruleing woman of russia enlightened absolutist

The Age of Mercantilism

1763 - 1828

gov't has a large part in the economy

Joseph II of Austria

1765 - 1790

son of maria theresa co ruler for a time with her enlightened absolutist

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

When America got even more awesome:D

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

estates general meets, third estate gets kicked out, they meet alone and create the tennis court oath, france goes through various councils and ecomes a republic and write the declaration of man and the citizen, the great fear, the death of the monarchs, robepierre killed, napoleon b rises to power.

Ricardo Iron Law of Wages

1817

shows how the economy leans toward minimum wage