Swiftly following the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, also known as the Age of Discovery, was a period of time in Europe which prompted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature, and art. Starting in Italy and eventually spreading to all of Europe, the Renaissance remains a staple in human history for art, harboring the world's most renowned artists; Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Sandro Botticelli, Donatello, just to name a few. Not only was art affected by the Renaissance, religion had a major change as well. Humanism prompted many to question the Catholic Church itself. As more and more people began to learn to read and write for themselves, many got the chance to read the Bible for the first time, as it was not allowed before the Renaissance. This birthed a new chapter of Christianity, Protestantism.