Italian comedic poet.
"Father of humanism"
This was the period where there were more than one popes of the Catholic Church.
Created the Encylopedia of Greek and Roman mythology.
This war was caused by a British person taking over the French throne. Afterwards the fuedal monarchy was destroyed and peasents were burdened with taxes.
The bubonic plague that killed many of Europeans in the fourteenth century. Afterwards there was a high demand luxurious goods.
Looked to scripture as the basis of all religions. They followed John Wycliff and questioned the supremacy and heirarchy of the pope the Catholic Church.
Peasent Revolts in France. They rebelled to show the Nobles they had gone too far in imposing taxes on the peasents.
Questioned the legitimacy of the catholic church about the Eucharist.
The Great Schism was when there were two popes claiming rule of the Catholic church.
There were witch hunts because there were actual witches that needed to be eliminated, the peasents were holding onto paegamism, they were used as an economic scapegoat, political explanation, reformation.
The Council of Contance was made to end the schism, eradicate heretics, and to fix the corruption of the church.
Educational and religious reformer. Humanity and civic virtue.
Not much growth, the revolution was slow. This was eventually erplaced by the industrial revolution. Mercantilism was the economic ideas during this time.
The Northern Renaissance was a time of revival of the arts and the literature in Northern europe.
Claimed the place of thr ruler of the religion in England. He was significant because he was the first ruler to declare he was t he only ruler to rule religion besides the pope in England Six Articles-
The Reformation occured in the emerging states in Europe. Because of the reformation there was many differing ideas about religions and new religions were formed.
Luther posteed the 95 Theses to start discussions. This later lead to lutheranism. Lutheranism was based on the idea of getting into heaven solely by believing in God.
Luther had become almost as much an object of protest as the pope within Germany. Luther condemned the people who revolted against the landlords as un-christian. He told princes to crush the peasents (70,000-100,000 died)
Talks about his view on the heliocentric model of the universe.
In attempt to help with the corruption of the Catholic church, they held this. The corruption was reduced and the church doctrine was renewed.
The ruler picks the religion.
Catherine the Great was one of the Enlighnened Despots althoug hshe is nt very enlightened because peasent revolts cause her to side with the nobles.
Voltaire is a very pessimistic philsopher. This is shown through candide because every person who is optimistic is killed and a lot of bad things happen to people in the book.
The industrial revolution improved peoples lives because the enclosure method increase the amount of food and so people were better well fed and so they were healthier.
This was a kind of diesm made by Robepierre that was intended to be the official religion of the new republic. Worship reson.
This is when they decided that they were not going to leavfe until they had a constitution written .They were at a tennis court because they were locked out of their room.
Although the storm only released seven prisoners that were beung held at the Bastille, it was the turning point of the revolution. People believd that the king was goign to stop the revolution.
The estates general was called because they believed that only the estates general has the power to raise taxes.
This was when there was a food shortage and peasents stormed houses because the food was being gaurded by soldiers. Hungry people revolt.
Written to define the natural rights in the new republic
The church was made a branch of the government.
Driven by the burgeoise who believed that the revolution has already achieved its goal. The jacobins believed that more extreme measures needed to be taken.
draft or conscription
You have to give of some of your rights to preserve the revolution- Civic virtue
Robuspierre is aressted and executed because he is too extreme for he people who do want to end the revolution when he makes a speech.