Causes: Overpopulated with famine and bad health, entered Europe through ports, brought by fleas/rats, spread through major trade routes. First hit Sicily in 1347.
Popular Remedies: Amulets, flight/seclusion, flagellants.
Effects: Less laborers = more pay, less food demand, statute of laborers, restrictions on peasants, cities rebound as artisans pour in, guild masters get political power, 2/5 of pop. killed.