The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919 in Paris, France. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles marked the end of WWI. The treaty was written by the winners of the war, the Ally Powers. Here are some key points to the treaty:
- Germany lost rough 13.5% of its territory
- German army was limited to 100,000 men, navy was reduced as well
- Germany had to pay reparation for the war- 6.60 million
Hitler was not originally popular as the leader of the Nazi party but when he threatened to leave the Party’s existence became endangered. Hitler demanded that if he was to stay party leader he would be given dictatorial rights and be named Fürher.Hitler was not originally popular as the leader of the Nazi party but when he threatened to leave the Party’s existence became endangered. Hitler demanded that if he was to stay party leader he would be given dictatorial rights and be named Fürher.
The League of Nations was formed on January 15, 1919. The goal of the League of Nations was to ensure that war would never break out again. Germany joined on September 8th, 1926, but left the group in 1933 with Japan.
The crash of 1929 is also called the Great Crash. The Crash lead to a ten year great depression where at its peak about 25% of Americans were out of work. The Crash occurred during U.S. President Hoover’s administration and ended during WWII (FDR’s Presidency).
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States. He was elected into office in November of 1932, he was elected four times but died 3 months into his fourth term (1933-1945). FDR is most known for being the president who led the U.S. through the great depression, and the majority of WWII.
Former President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor of Germany during January of 1933. Hitler eventually goes on to name himself Fürher of Germany.
A concentration camp is a camp which people are imprisoned or confined to under brutal conditions with disregard to normal law. Concentration camps became a staple of the Nazi Party while in power in Germany from 1933-1945. The camps were used to detain Jews, other minorities of people, the first camp was opened at Oranienburg on March 12th, 1933.
The law passed was actually called “Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich”. The law, which was passed by the German parliament, ended democracy in Germany.
The “burning of the books” in Germany began on May 10th, 1933. This when all German literature was burned by students of the universities because Hitler believed those books presented “un-German” ideas. This was an attempt by Hitler to increase the popularity of his own book, Mein Kampf, which expressed his beliefs on the “ideal Germany”
Germany left the league of nations when they refused to allow Germany to build their army. Japan also left the league of nations in 1933 due to the same problem.
Germany violates the Treaty of Versailles by exceeding 100,000 men benchmark in their army on March 16th,1935. This violates the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, but no act of punishment is taken towards Germany.
The Nuremburg race laws took away German Jew’s right to citizenship. The Nuremburg race laws were a series of laws that also took away German Jew’s right to marry or have relations with Germans with blonde hair and blue eyes. These Germans were called Aryans. One law thats name shows Hitler’s feelings about Jews is “The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor”. Jews were eventually not even considered human beings by the government.
In 1937, Stalin executes the Commander-in-Chief of the Red army and seven leading war generals. This happened in what has become known as “Stalin’s Terror”, a time period which Stalin killed off all his rivals so nobody could overtake his power.
In 1938, Germany demanded they the land lost in WWI be returned to them in Czechoslovakia and Poland. Attention turned on Britain and Prime Minister Chamberlain. A decision was made to give Germany what they wanted in hopes that they would not want more land and that War would not break out again.
Germany sent 1.5 million troops into Poland when invading its eastern neighboring country on September 1st, 1939. Germany’s attack on Poland came without any warning or declaration of war. Germany once again violates the Treaty of Versailles, which stated that Poland should not be invaded. This is the last straw, and because of Germany’s invasion of Poland WWII outbreaks.