Pre-WWII Timeline

Main

Treaty of Versailles

6/28/1919

The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919 in Paris, France. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles marked the end of WWI. The treaty was written by the winners of the war, the Ally Powers. Here are some key points to the treaty:
- Germany lost rough 13.5% of its territory
- German army was limited to 100,000 men, navy was reduced as well
- Germany had to pay reparation for the war- 6.60 million

Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist (Nazi) Party

July 29 1921

Hitler was not originally popular as the leader of the Nazi party but when he threatened to leave the Party’s existence became endangered. Hitler demanded that if he was to stay party leader he would be given dictatorial rights and be named Fürher.Hitler was not originally popular as the leader of the Nazi party but when he threatened to leave the Party’s existence became endangered. Hitler demanded that if he was to stay party leader he would be given dictatorial rights and be named Fürher.

Germany is accepted into the League of Nations

September 8 1926

The League of Nations was formed on January 15, 1919. The goal of the League of Nations was to ensure that war would never break out again. Germany joined on September 8th, 1926, but left the group in 1933 with Japan.

US stock market Crashes and starts the Great Depression

October 29 1929

The crash of 1929 is also called the Great Crash. The Crash lead to a ten year great depression where at its peak about 25% of Americans were out of work. The Crash occurred during U.S. President Hoover’s administration and ended during WWII (FDR’s Presidency).

FDR elected President

November 8 1932

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States. He was elected into office in November of 1932, he was elected four times but died 3 months into his fourth term (1933-1945). FDR is most known for being the president who led the U.S. through the great depression, and the majority of WWII.

Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany

January 30 1933

Former President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor of Germany during January of 1933. Hitler eventually goes on to name himself Fürher of Germany.

First concentration camp is opened at Oranienburg

March 12 1933

A concentration camp is a camp which people are imprisoned or confined to under brutal conditions with disregard to normal law. Concentration camps became a staple of the Nazi Party while in power in Germany from 1933-1945. The camps were used to detain Jews, other minorities of people, the first camp was opened at Oranienburg on March 12th, 1933.

The Enabling Act gives Hitler Dictatorial rights over Germany

March 23 1933

The law passed was actually called “Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich”. The law, which was passed by the German parliament, ended democracy in Germany.

Burning of the books in Germany

May 10 1933

The “burning of the books” in Germany began on May 10th, 1933. This when all German literature was burned by students of the universities because Hitler believed those books presented “un-German” ideas. This was an attempt by Hitler to increase the popularity of his own book, Mein Kampf, which expressed his beliefs on the “ideal Germany”

Germany decides to leave the League of Nations

October 14 1933

Germany left the league of nations when they refused to allow Germany to build their army. Japan also left the league of nations in 1933 due to the same problem.

Germany violates Treaty of Versailles by creating an army

March 16 1935

Germany violates the Treaty of Versailles by exceeding 100,000 men benchmark in their army on March 16th,1935. This violates the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, but no act of punishment is taken towards Germany.

Hitler creates the Nuremburg Race Laws to strip rights from Jews

September 15 1935

The Nuremburg race laws took away German Jew’s right to citizenship. The Nuremburg race laws were a series of laws that also took away German Jew’s right to marry or have relations with Germans with blonde hair and blue eyes. These Germans were called Aryans. One law thats name shows Hitler’s feelings about Jews is “The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor”. Jews were eventually not even considered human beings by the government.

Stalin executes red army generals

June 11 1937

In 1937, Stalin executes the Commander-in-Chief of the Red army and seven leading war generals. This happened in what has become known as “Stalin’s Terror”, a time period which Stalin killed off all his rivals so nobody could overtake his power.

Britain appeases Germany at Munchin

September 30 1938

In 1938, Germany demanded they the land lost in WWI be returned to them in Czechoslovakia and Poland. Attention turned on Britain and Prime Minister Chamberlain. A decision was made to give Germany what they wanted in hopes that they would not want more land and that War would not break out again.

Germany invades Poland

September 1, 1939

Germany sent 1.5 million troops into Poland when invading its eastern neighboring country on September 1st, 1939. Germany’s attack on Poland came without any warning or declaration of war. Germany once again violates the Treaty of Versailles, which stated that Poland should not be invaded. This is the last straw, and because of Germany’s invasion of Poland WWII outbreaks.

pictures