Chase, Benedikt, etc.
From the Medieval to the 20th century eras, this timeline focuses on key aspects of the musical culture (styles/composers/etc.).
Most of the music was consider sacred. Church modes were popular.
Gregorian Chant- Melody set to ancient Latin text.
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, secular music became more popular.
Guillaume de Machaut
Rhythm is more of a gentle flow. The music is mostly polyphonic. Referred to the golden age of a cappella music.
Passamezzo and Gilliard
Presents one basic mood. For example, what remains happy will remain happy throughout the entire piece. Modeled music out of affections. Specific rhythms or melodic patterns were associated with specific mood. This is a different case for vocals. Rhythm remains constant. Dynamics and melody also remain constant. Mostly polyphonic.
Johann Sebastian Bach
George Frederic Handel
There is more flexibility of rhythm. Mostly homophonic. Melodies are among the most tuneful and easiest to remember. Gradual dynamic change.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Lugwig van Beethoven
Very passionate. Nationalistic. Composers used tone color to obtain a variety of mood and atmosphere, Colorful harmony, and they made used chords and found new ways to play old chords. Included sharp contrast between faint whispers and sonorities of unprecedented power. Range of pitch was expanded as well. Included accelerandos ritardandos, and variations of pace.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Tone color became more important than ever before. Harmony changes in the way chords are treated. New techniques of organizing pitches were accompanied by new ways of organizing rhythm.