Art History Part 2

Early Christian- Cubism

Early Christian

200 - 500

Shift from interest in real world to symbols conveying spiritual beliefs

Byzantine

476 - 1453

stylized, formal, rigid, religious, gold backgrounds, bright glass

Early Medieval

500 - 1050

World turmoil/change; lack of community with previous traditions- ornamental, interlacing patterns; religious book illumination; metalcraft

Romanesque

1050 - 1200

Large, fortress-like churches; narrative religious carvings; colorful, flat, decorative designs

Gothic

1200 - 1420

Cathedrals with pointed arches, flying buttresses, stained glass; growing concern for reality and emotional depiction; paintings that show pictorial space

Early Renaissance

1420 - 1500

Highly detailed realism based on observation and new understanding of light, discovery of linear perspective, oil paints

High Renaissance

1500 - 1530

Masterful use of light, modeling, perspective; show emotion, personality; ideals of harmony, balance, beauty

Mannerism

1520 - 1600

Exaggerated tension, unnatural distortions

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Realistic mastery of light to capture a dramatic moment, whether in a still life or energetic mid-action

Rococo

1715 - 1800

Graceful linear emphasis, loose brushwork, delicate colors, about aristocratic pleasures

Neoclassical

1780 - 1820

Importance of moral classical values shown in solid, precisely drawn figures and orderly scenes

Romanticism

1800 - 1860

Free, vivid brushwork in emotional landscapes or scenes emphasizing the glory of the personal vision.

19th Century Realism

1850 - 1900

Rejected idealism for depiction of real world

Impressionism

1860 - 1900

Stressed effects of sunlight to capture a moment; causal contemporary life; changing compositions: space flattened, with abrupt changes; forms less solid: short, choppy unblended colors and brushstrokes

Post- Impressionism

1880 - 1905

Experimentation in different directions that led to development as later styles: either breaking up of form into perceived units, or emphasizing solid structure and multiple viewpoints, or expression of emotion in raw brushwork, or influence of primitive cultures and use of symbolism

Modern Architecture

1880 - 1889

sky crappers, individuality, functional simplicity, organic and harmonious with environment

Art Nouvaeu

1890 - 1914

Sinous plantlike curves used for design used to counter unaesthetic Industrial age products

Expressionism

1890 - 1930

Distortions and colors for emotional impact

Fauvism

1905 - 1908

Bright clashing unrealistic color use pioneered

Cubism

1908 - 1930

Showing forms from multiple angles as if shattered, often with abstractions and distortions.