20th century art movements and events.

Main

Fauvism

1899 - 1908

Fauvism's influence in france.

First cameras to be sold

1900

Kodak release the camera 'Brownie', to be released to the public market.

Expressionism

1905 - 1933

Expressionism's influence in Germany

Russia loses war against Japan

1905

Russia looses on going war with Japan. It's the first time Asain powers have beaten Europian.

Pablo Picasso paints "Les demoiselles d'avingon"

1907

Cubism

1907 - 1922

Cubism's influence in France.

Filippo Marienetti publishes the "Futurist Mansifesto"

1909

Futurism

1909 - 1920

Futurism's influence in Italy

Marcel Duchamp paints "nude desending a staircase"

1912

Luigi Russolo publishes "L'Arte dei Rumori",

1913

Suprematism

1913 - 1920

Suprematism's influence in Russia.

World War 1

1914 - 1918

World War I breaks out in the Balkans. Britain, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia and Japan fought against Austria, Germany and Turkey

Albert Einstein publishes his "Theory of Relitivity"

1915

Tristan Tzara founds Dada in Zurich

1915

Constructivism

1915 - 1930

Constructivism's influence in Russia.

Dada

1916 - 1924

Dada's influence in Switzerland.

The Bauhaus

1919

The Bauhaus school of art was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.

The Soviet Union

1922

Lenin creates the Soviet Union by uniting Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Transcaucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbajan).

Nosferatu

1922

Freiderich Wilhem directs the film "Nosferatu".

Andre Breton writes the "Surrealist Manifesto"

1924

Louis DeBroglie discovers that matter is both particles and waves

1924

The Soviet Union

1924

Lenin dies and Stalin begins his tyranny over the Sviet Union.

Surrealism

1924 - 1966

Surrealism's influence in Paris (and Spain).

The Bauhaus

1925

The Bauhaus is moved to Dessau.

Alberto Giacometti paints "Torso".

1925

Claude Manet paints "Nimphees".

1926

Antoni Gaudi dies

1926

His cathederal is left unfinished, and is still being built to this day.

Metropolis

1926

Fritz Lang directs the film "Metropolis"

Stalin perseccutes the Kulaks.

1929

Stalin orders the persecution of "kulaks", causing the death of 6.5 million peasants

Paul Klee paints "Ad Marginen"

1930

Social Realism

1930 - 1950

Social Realism's influence in Russia (expanding across the world).

The Bauhaus

1932

The Bauhaus moves again, to Berlin

The Bauhaus Closes

1933

Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.

1933

Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazist party, is appointed chancellor of Germany.

Spainish civil war

1936

A civil war that will kill 600,000 people erupts in Spain between the socialists and Francisco Franco's nationalists.

Salvador Dali paints "Metamorphose de Narcisse".

1937

World war 2

1939 - 1945

Germany invades Poland, begining the war. Britain declares war against Germany.

Francis Bacon paints "Painting".

1946

Nuclear Arms Race & Cold War between USA and USSR.

1949 - 1991

The Soviet Union detonates its first atomic bomb and the nuclear arm race begins.
Tensions between America and Russia were intense, world feared for nuclear holocust and total inihilation.

Frida Kahlo paints...

1949

Frida Kahlo paints "The Love Embrace of the Universe, the Earth, Myself, Diego and Senor Xolotl"

Anti-communist uprising

1956

An anti-communist uprising led by Imre Nagy in Hungary is crushed by Soviet troops.

The Soviet Union launches the Sputnik, the first artificial satellite

1957

Fidel Castro leads a communist revolution in Cuba

1959