End of Napoleonic rule.
Nationalists ignored by conservatives causing national uproar in Europe.
Create alliances between nations in Europe to "keep the peace".
Militarism In the 18th and 19th Centuries
1815 - 1918
Industrial nations viewed their military strength as national power during this time frame, ultimately causing fear of an overpowering nation. This fear sparked continental growth of military power and what nations thought was National Power. This was all proved to be redundant and resulted in a stalemate between powerful nations.
Spread of Industrialization
1850 - 1900
The spread of Industrialization further pursued the causes of WWI by advancing weapons and producing them in greater numbers.
German Unification & Alliances
1861 - 1871
During this time frame, Germany, under the rule of King William I and Otto Van Bismarck, Prime Minister, unified as one to fight France. Because it is unwise to jump to war without any allies, Germany made Alliances with neighboring nations. Germany's alliance was known as the Triple Alliance and it consisted of Italy and Austria–Hungary. However, after WWI started, Italy left the Triple Alliance and came to the side of the Triple Entente, which consisted of Britain, France, and Russia.
Bismarck used Alliances to secure Germany's safety in Europe. At one point Germany was allied to England, Austria, and Russia under the reinsurance treaty. This did not last, obviously.
Austria Claims Bosnia
1878 - 1909
Austria claims Bosnia as its own territory; so did Serbia. Having to negotiate between land dispute, Austria sends Ferdinand to Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia) to show Austrian authority. This is when he is murdered by Princip, a member of "The Black Hand" Nationalist group.
Austria remains civil towards Serbia, and sends them an ultimatum - a final statement of terms and conditions expressing a threat - allowing Austria to investigate the murder of Ferdinand in Serbia.
November, 1884 - February, 1885
The Berlin Conference was established in attempt to build African colonies.
This is an example of Imperialist Rivalry
Serbs refuse Austrian Ultimatum
June 1914 - July, 1914
Serbia refuses to agree with Austia's ultimatum - allowing them to investigate further the case of Archduke Franz Ferdinand's murder.
This decision caused an activation of the Alliance system which caused the outbreak of continental war in Europe.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
June 28, 1914 - June 29,1914
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist and member of the Serbian Nationalist group "The Black Hand".
THIS EVENT SPARKS GREAT IMPORTANCE !
Treaty of Versailles
November 11, 1918 - November 12, 1918
Treaty of Versailles that was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on November 11, 1918 exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.