Did the mandatory flag salute infringe upon liberties protected by the First and Fourteenth Amendments?
Court ruled that mandatory flag salute did NOT infringe upon First Amendment liberties.
Did the compulsory flag-salute for public schoolchildren violate the First Amendment?
Court ruled that compulsory flag salute for public schoolchildren violated the children's First Amendment freedoms and overturned Gobitis.
Did the use of the public school system for religious classes violate the First Amendment's Establishment Clause?
The Court ruled that the use of public school facilities by religious organizations to give religious instruction to schoolchildren violated the Establishment Clause.
Does the segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race deprive the minority children of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment?
Court ruled that separate but equal was inherently unequal. The Court ordered that schools desegregate in a timely fashion.
Does the reading of a nondenominational prayer at the start of the school day violate the "establishment of religion" clause of the First Amendment?
The Court ruled that reading a prayer at the start of the day violated the Establishment Clause and was unconstitutional.
Did the Pennsylvania law and Abington's policy, requiring public school students to participate in classroom religious exercises, violate the religious freedom of students as protected by the First and Fourteenth Amendments?
The Court ruled that these religious exercises, reading the Bible, constituted a violation of the First Amendment because they served no secular purpose.
Does a prohibition against the wearing of armbands in public school, as a form of symbolic protest, violate the First Amendment's freedom of speech protections?
The Court ruled that students had constitutional rights in school and that school authorities cannot prohibit student expression without evidence that expression would severely disrupt the educational process in schools.
Did Wisconsin's requirement that all parents send their children to school at least until age 16 violate the First Amendment by criminalizing the conduct of parents who refused to send their children to school for religious reasons?
The Court ruled that this violated the First Amendment because it interfered with the rights of Amish parents to direct the religious upbringing of their children.
Did the imposition of the suspensions without preliminary hearings violate the students' Due Process rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment?
The Court ruled that the students' Due Process rights were violated and that school authorities cannot suspend students without preliminary hearings.
Does paddling of students as a means of maintaining school discipline constitute cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment; and to the extent that paddling is constitutionally permissible, does the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires prior notice and an opportunity to be heard.
The Court ruled that paddling and corporal punishment did NOT violate the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment and the students' Due Process rights were NOT violated.
Did the Kentucky statute which required a posting of the Ten Commandments in every classroom violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?
The Court ruled that the Kentucky statute violated the Establishment clause because it served no secular legislative purpose and had a plainly religious purpose.
Did the search violate the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments?
The Court ruled that school officials only need reasonable cause/suspicion to initiate a search of a student's possessions.
Does the First Amendment prevent a school district from disciplining a high school student for giving a lewd speech at a high school assembly?
The Court ruled that school officials can prohibit the use of vulgar and offensive language. The Court distinguished between political speech (protected) and vulgar/lewd speech (not protected).
Did the principal's deletion of the articles violate the students' rights under the First Amendment?
The Court ruled that school authorities can censor "school-sponsored" speech, such as school newspapers.
Was Westside's prohibition against the formation of a Christian club consistent with the Establishment Clause, thereby rendering the Equal Access Act unconstitutional?
The Court ruled that the Equal Access Act did not violate the First Amendment and that the school was not justified in denying the formation of a Christian club. Has been frequently used by Court to defend students' right to form Gay-Straight Alliances.
Does the inclusion of clergy who offer prayers at official public school ceremonies violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?
The Court ruled that prayer offered at official public school ceremonies violated the Establishment Clause because it creates a state-sponsored and state-directed religious exercise in a public school.
Does random drug testing of high school athletes violate the reasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment?
The Court ruled that random drug testing of student athletes did not violate a student's fourth amendment rights.
Does the Santa Fe Independent School District's policy permitting student-led, student-initiated prayer at football games violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?
The Court ruled that student-led, student-initiated prayer at football games did violate the First Amendment because football game prayers were public speech authorized by a government policy and taking place on government property at government-sponsored school-related events.
Is the Student Activities Drug Testing Policy, which requires all students who participate in competitive extracurricular activities to submit to drug testing, consistent with the Fourth Amendment?
The Court ruled that drug testing of students who participate in extracurricular activities did NOT violate the Fourth Amendment.
Does the First Amendment allow public schools to prohibit students from displaying messages promoting the use of illegal drugs at school-supervised events?
The Court ruled that public schools can prohibit students from displaying messages promoting the use of illegal drugs. While students have some right to political speech, that right does not extend to pro-drug messages that may undermine a school's important mission to discourage drug use.
Does the Fourth Amendment prohibit school officials from strip searching students suspected of possessing drugs in violation of school policy?
The Court ruled that strip searching of students is dependent on the facts of a case. If the school authority has reasonable cause to suspect something, they may authorize a strip search of a student.