Catherine Areklett Timeline

War

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

-War was b/t the French and British
-French came to the "New World" to trade for furs and live among the natives
-British came to settle, many colonists set up farms and built homes and towns
-less interested in trade
-Idiology for the war:colonization
-Began in Ohio
-Most famous battle: Fort Duquesne-British defeated the French (located b/t 3 rivers, modern day Pittsburgh, PA)
-Britain won

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

-War was b/t the Patriots(Americans) and the British
-Patriots had declared independence-but now they would have to fight for it
-George Washington's continental army turned from inexperienced troops to orderly units
-woman: served as nurses, did laundry, and cooked for the soldiers
-darkest hour: Battle of Long Island
-turning point: Battle of Saratoga
-final battle: Battle of Yorktown
-Treaty of Paris officially ends the war

Documents

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

-Thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as independent states and no longer apart of Great Britain
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

Treaty of Paris

September 3, 1783

Officially ends the war
-won our freedom-became a country
-won all the land east of the Mississippi River (13 colonies included)
French got everything from west of the Mississippi River to the Rockey Mountains
Spain got the Rocky Mountains to California

Battle

Battle of Long Island

August 27, 1776

New York- 10,000 British soldiers attacked Washington's army on Long Island
Washington's army barely made it to safety over the East River(Washington later retreated to New Jersey)

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777 - October 17, 1777

General Gates(Patriot) delivered crushing blows to Burgoyne's (British) force
Burgoyne surrendered the 17th with no help and low supplies
This victory brought aid to the Patriots
-France= treaty of alliance with America
-Spain= declared war on Britian and sent weapons, supplies, and money

Battle of Yorktown

October 19, 1781

Patriots: 16,000 men
-French warships blocked the seas
British: 7,000 men
-British controlled NY City, Savannah, and Chatleston-BUT they had no will to continue fighting
-British surrendered and Patriots won!