ap euro first semester

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Fredrick Wilhelm

162 - 1688

elector of brandenbur

Itallys decline

1300

Became millitary week and economy week. no centrall rule

Petrach

1304 - 1374

Father of Hummanism

Avignon Papacy

1305 - 1309

where the french popes resided

Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

Renissance HUmanist and helper of Prechrat.

Dante

1321

Devine comedy

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Had fuedalism. was also fought for power.

Black Death

1348 - 1350

Was a pluege that spread throught europe. killed many and some went into towns while some were whiped out.

Gothic art

1350

wasnt classical enough

Golden Bull

1356

depicted the election prosses

Jacquerie

1358

Peasant revolt during the 100 years war

CharlesVI

1368 - 1422

enlightened despot. not as much at fredrick

Lollards John Waycliff

1377

Thought that Jesus was spiritual and doubted powers of the church.

James I

1394 - 1497

was a king of england

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Resolved the three popes issue.

Great Schism

1414 - 1418

Catholic church devided and ended up having 3 popes at one time.

Hussites: John Huss

1415

after john waycliff. Burned at the steak for going against the catholic church

Guttenberg- Printing Press

1440

First way to print papers without hand copying. Invented by Guttenberg.

Pope Julius II

1443 - 1513

was a pope

Columbus

1451 - 1506

discoverd the new world. start of spanish empire with new lands

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

classical scolar. religious tolleration

Machiavelli

1469 - 1547

the prince

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

universe was heiliocentric. revolves around sun

Northern renasansse

1490 - 1520

Based on humanism

Henry VIII

1491 - 1547

Had 6 wifes. sepparted church and state

Columbian Exchange

1492

Christopher columbous. spread many desieses

Henry VIII

1509

Had many wives until he had a son.

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Formed Calvinism. Became a Protestant preist. fled somewhere and published stuff.

Jesuits

1512

hard core beleivers in jesus

Mary I

1516 - 1568

was a doughter of henry VIII and became queen of spain

Reformation

1517

When the christians started to doubt pope and religion. not to extreme yet.

Luther 95 thesis- Diet of worms

1517

When Luther nailed his Thesis to the church doors. Mainly Aposed how the church (Tetzle) was selling indulgences.

Martin Luthers 95 Thesis

1517

Protests against the selling of indulgences

Mannerism art

1520 - 1580

how people really look

Diet of Worms

1521

Luther was abolished

Germain Peasant Revolts

1524 - 1525

Germain peasants revolted against feudal lords.

Elizabethe I

1533 - 1603

Tudor dynasty.

William of Orange

1533 - 1584

lead the dutch revolt

Council of Trent

1534 - 1549

Counter reformation. consisted of popes and clergy.

Mary Stuart

1542 - 1587

was acused of ploting to kill elizabethe and executed

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

4 things

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

had small dwarf. studied planetarey motion

cervantes

1547

first european novle

Henry IV

1553 - 1610

First monarch in the Bourbon branch

Peace of Augsburg

1555

ended 30 years war

Galileo

1556 - 1642

believed in a heliocentric modle. was an astonomer credit for abservations of moons and plantes

Bacon

1561 - 1626

indeductive scientific methods

Henry Iv

1563 - 1610

Switched to Protestantism. led religious wars. was a hugonot

Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

famous writer

Dutch Revolt

1568 - 1648

Religious clash of cultures. drove out hapsburgs

Dutch revolt

1568 - 1648

Dutch protestants revolt against the catholic church.

Kepler

1571 - 1630

assitant to brahe

Saint Bartholomews day massacre

1572

Catholic mob violence twords the hugenots

John smith

1580 - 1631

weath of nations. rulers should not declare trade or not

Rise of the Netherlands

1581 - 1795

Dutch Golden age. economical boom

Richelieu

1585 - 1642

brought france to be a strong centralized state

Spanish Armada

1588

wanted to overthrough Elizabeth I and went against england

Hobbes

1588 - 1679

natural equallity of all men. people are selt interested

Descartes

1595 - 1650

deductive reasoning

Edict of Nantes

1598

Let ruler chose religioun

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes

1598

Mr. Macavoy. Im tiered. I dont know this one so ill take a shot in the dark. Someone changed it because they didnt like all of the religious freedom. Sorry Im doing my best.

Baroque art

1600

Expressions came out but still religious

Ferdinand and Isabella

1600

Spanish monarchs. Lead discovery in the new world. one of the most successful.

Early Exploration of Porugal and Spain

1600

Expanded lands to the new world and afar

Charles I

1600 - 1649

said to be going tward cathics. executed

Louis XIII

1601 - 1643

only 9 yeras old

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Mainly a religious war between catholics and protestants

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

Invented calsulator. was mathamatical

Charles II

1630 - 1685

heith of enhlish civil war

Locke

1632 - 1704

blank slate

James II

1633 - 1701

invaded trying to convert people to cotholisism

Louis XIV

1638 - 1715

devine right of kings

English Civil war

1642 - 1651

when england was at with within itsself

Newton

1642 - 1747

Natural philosipher

End of wich hunts

1650

Local governments decided to end the chayos

Royal Society of London

1660

coucils electors

peter the great

1672

expanded land with war

Robet Walpole

1676 - 1745

First prime minister of great brittian

Consumer Revolution

1680

when people had the ability to purchase everything that the upper class were able to because of factories

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

enlightened writer. seperation of church and state

Rococo art

1700

similar to baroque. semetrical

Mercantilism

1700

where government controls trade

The great Northern war

1700 - 1721

`anti sweedish

Noelocalism

1700

art that depics real life and puts it in a greek looking way

War of spanish succession

1701 - 1714

french and spain together under the bourbons

act of settlement

1701

when england and scottland shared a government

Rousseau

1712 - 1778

social contract

Fredrick II

1712 - 1786

one of the enlightened despots. gained lands during rein

Treatey of Utrecht

1713

Ended war of spanish succesion

Death of Louis XIV

1715

died of a desiese

Mississippi Bubble

1716 - 1720

stock market crashes

Maria Theresa

1717 - 1780

hapsburg. sought out many changes. husband didnt care

Catherine the great

1729 - 1796

under her rain russia became stronger

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

because maria thereasa was "unable" so secure the throne

Joseph II

1741 - 1790

one of the most enlightend despots. was maria thereasas son

Witch hunts

1750

poeple would go to towns asking if there are any witches. blamed them (scapegoats)

Seven Years war

1754 - 1763

against france and the bourbons so that they didnt get to much power

Diplomatic revolution

1756

britian and prussia and france and spain then became britian and spain and france with prussia

Spinning Jenny

1764

produced mass amounts of yarn

Malthus

1766 - 1838

ups and downs of population and why is happens

Water Frame

1768

water powerd machine that took work out of the home

Steam engine

1770

Also took work out of the home and into factories

Enclosure movement

1800

The division of certain crops to produce more

American revolution

1800

america declares independence

War of Jenkins Ear

1858

war between great britian and spain