Mullen Timeline

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French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

A.K.A. The Seven Year War. The war b/t the British and the French/Indians over the new land. The British and the French had been enemies for a very long time and they were now competing for colonies in America as well as India. Biological warfare was used. The British won the war relatively easily.

Treaty of Paris

1763

In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed. The British gets all of North America that is east of the Missisippi river

Proclamation of 1763

1763

The Proclamation of 1763 states the colonists cross the line into their new territory. This event, (as well as others) angers the colonists and eventually leads to the American Revolution.

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution was the war between the Americans and the British. The Americans won and gained their independence.

Battle of Saratoga

1777

The Battle of Saratoga was said to be the turning point of the American Revolution. The Americans won this battle because the British plan did not succeed. The Americans were led by General Gates and the British were led by General John Burgoyne who surrendered to the americans. After the Americans won this battle, the French came to help the Americans, as well as Spain.

Battle of Yorktown

1781

This was the last battle of the American Revolution started in September, 1781 The British were on a peninsula and were surrounded on all sides (land and water) by the Americans. The British desperately needed reinforcements but their pleas were not heard. Cornwallis surrendered to the Americans in October of 1781.

Treaty of Paris

1782

In March of 1782, the British Parliament decided to officially end the war. After the British and the Americans signed (peace treaty) the Treaty of Paris, the Americans had won their independence. America gets the land East of the Mississippi River, Spain gets Florida and France gets Louisiana and the middle third of the U.S.

XYZ Affair

1797 - 1798

The XYZ Affair was an "almost" war. While France was having their Revolution, they were fighting all of Europe. They needed helped and turned to the U.S. because the French had helped the Americans in their Revolution. The U.S. says no and that angers the French. When the French starts to steal supplies from the U.S. ships, then John Adams sends his ambassadors/spies to talk with France who were Agent X, Y, and Z. France tries to bribe the Americans just to talk to them and the ambassadors are offended. Adams starts to prepare for a war against France, but it never happens.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

1798

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions were anonymous criticisms of the Alien and sedition acts written by Jefferson and Madison.

Alien and Sedition Act

1798

An law passed by John Adams forbidding foreigners to be let into the country and made it illegal to criticize the government. Many people felt like the sedition act violated the rights granted by the 1st amendment.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

When America purchased Louisiana from France who no longer had a use for the land

HMS Leopard and USS Chesapeake Incident

1811

When a British ship demanded a U.S. ship to stop and the U.S. refused, the British Captain opened fired killing some Americans. Many Americans were angered by this and immediately wanted to go to war with Britain, but we did not and only demanded an apology.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was between the Americans and the British/Native Americans. The Americans started to fight because the British were impressing our men, Native Americans had British weapons, the ship incident and we wanted Canada. There was no real winner of this war.

Battle of Lake Eerie

1813

Fought on the Putun Bay. The Americans won this battle giving them Lake Eerie and Detroit.

Battle of the Thames

1813

Fought in Canada. The British surrendered and fled up the thames river but the Native Americans continued fighting. Many Native Americans were killed and their leader Tecumseh was killed. The Americans won this battle. After this battle, the Native Americans were not as big of a threat and many made truces with the Americans.

Burning of Washington D.C.

1814

The burning of D.C. was led by British General Ross. The city of D.C. was defenseless. The British burnt down the White House, the Library of Congress and much of the city. After the British destroyed the city, they wanted to make a truce by the Americans refused.

Treaty of Ghent

1814

A peace treaty was signed in Belguim to end the war. But, another battle still occurred because the news that the war had ended did not spread quickly.

Battle of Fort McHenry

1814

This battle was fought outside of Baltimore at Fort McHenry. The British bombarded the fort for 25 hours until they ran out of bombs and retreated. This was a big win for the Americans because if the British had won this, they would have continued to Baltimore and other cities on the East Coast. The Star Spangled Banner was written during this battle.

Battle of New Orleans

1815

This was the last battle of the war. The British wanted New Orleans so they came there to fight. The Americans won this battle in 30 minutes under the command of General Jackson.