AP World History BC AD version

People who Changed the World

Lao-tzu l

570 BC - 440 BC

Wrote Tao de Ching (Taoism)

Buddha

563 BC - 483 BC

Confucius

551 BC - 479 BC

Plato

469 BC - 399 BC

Classical Greek Athenian philosopher “I only know that I know nothing.”

Socrates

427 BC - 347 BC

Philosopher; founder of the Academy in Athens; Tutor of Alexander the Great (3 yrs) and Aristotle; Socrates floats the idea that knowledge is a matter of recollection, and not of learning, observation, or study. Art was not rational but inspired by muses. Fathers should raise own sons rather than pay for tutors.

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Particulars; points downward in Raphael’s School of Athens. Definition of a slave- a living tool. Idea used (sinfully) by church to justify slavery.

Jesus

2 BC - 30 AD

Han Dynasty- Confucianism is state Doctrin

206 AD - 220 AD

Shotoku (Yamoato clan) encouraged Japan to adopt Chinese culture

593 AD - 622 AD

T'ang dynasty (China) Golden Age

618 AD - 907 AD

Mongol Invasion- China

1162 AD - 1638

Shogun Closes Japan (Isolation)

1639 AD - 1853 AD

Commodore Perry Arrives in Japan

1718

Religion, Philosophic beliefs in China

Taoism (Daoism)

600 BC - 03/31/2013

Text Tao de Ching

Confucianism

590 BC - 220 AD

Buddhism

220 AD - 03/31/2013

Confucianism accepted again; amalgram with Buddhism and Daoism

845 AD - 03/31/2013

Literature in China

Book of Songs

1000 BC - 600 BC

Tao De Ching

530 BC

Analects

520 BC

Poetry- Li Pao

701 AD - 762 AD

Poetry- Tu Fu

712 AD - 770 AD

Li Ching- Chao (Peonies, et al.)

1084 AD - 1151 AD

Religion and Philosophic beliefs in Japan

Shintoism evolves from nature worship

500 BC - 03/31/2013

Mahayana Buddhist missionaries reach Japan

600 AD

Zen Buddhism introduced

1191

Shinto-Buddhist amalgamation

1193 AD - 03/31/2013

Literature in Japan

Tanka poems

800 AD - 1200 AD

Sei Shonagon (Pillow Book, et al.)

965 AD - 1000 AD

unknown death date

Lady Murasaki Shikibu (Tales of the Genji, et al.)

978 AD - 1026 AD

Seami Motokiyo (Atsumori- Noh play)

1363 AD - 1443 AD

????

1600 AD

Haiku (Basho, etc.)

1640 AD - 1800 AD

Senyu

1718 - 03/31/2013

ART

Statuettes

26,000 BC - 24,000 BC

Female figures made of limestone. Purpose?

Paintings

17,000 BC - 12,000 BC

Cave paintings, Lascauix France and some in Spain.

Greek and Hellenistic Art Era

850 BC - 31 BC

Roman Art Era

500 BC - 476 AC

Creation, Geology, Geography, Anthropology

Big Bang

13,700,000,000 BC

First Atoms on Earth

13,699,620,000 BC

First atoms on Earth formed, when universe cooled somewhat, when protons could capture electrons…Hydrogen, helium clouds with faint light from huge amounts of energy pouring through.

Solar System formed

4,500,000,000 BC

Water vapor condensed to form oceans

4,000,000,000 BC

Est. era

Life on Earth- single cell organisms

3,500,000,000 BC

single cell organisms, photosynthesis = produce O2

Eukaryotic cells

3,000,000,000 BC

Single cell Eukaryotic cells- use O2

PRECAMBRIAN

600,000,000 BC - 543,000,000 BC

PRECAMBRIAN Fossil record of Multicellular organisms made of Eukaryotic cells, e.g., sponges, corals, anemones, mullusks, wormlike groups…etc.

Cambrian period

543,000,000 BC - 485,000,000 BC

EARLY CAMBRIAN period- rapid appearance and diversification of fossil phyla when main branches of animal tree becomes established in <= 20 million yr bursts, e.g. small, soft-bodied, with skeletons- spines, plates, nerve cord gill pouches, support rod…. (but no vertebrates yet)

Dinosaurs

100,000,000 BC - 65,000,000 BC

Die-off debated...meteor with climate change?

Mammals

65,000,000 BC - 12/12/2012

Paleolithic Era

2,600,000 BC - 10,000 BC

Homo Erectus

2,000,000 BC - 34,000 BC

Left Africa. Last H. erectus group believed to have died out in Asia due to volcanoes and competition from homo sapiens.

Neanderthal

500,000 BC - 30,000 BC

Died out as a group during the Ice Age, although DNA indicates that 2.5 % shared genes between Neanderthal and H. sapiens (or a common ancestor). Aftricans have NO Neanderthal; the highest percentages are found in peoples of Asian and South American ancestry. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/10/121012-neanderthals-science-paabo-dna-sex-breeding-humans/

First H. sapien fossil date

195,000 BC

Kibesh formation, Ethiopia

H. sapiens migrations out of Africa

90,000 BC - 80,000 BC

homo sapiens evidence- in caves with Neanderthals (Israel, Syria);
In Australia (short sea barrier) (and Americas????)

H. sapiens significant migration of larger groups out of Africa

70,000 BC

First significant migration out of Africa- est. 60-1220 individuals, found in India, SE Asia, China- needed water craft (most groups stayed in Africa = greater genetic variation than the group who emigrated out of Africa)

Great Leap Forward

50,000 BC

“Upper Paleolithic revolution…suddenly we see wall paintings, sculpted figures, fishing, sophisticated tools “Great Leap Forward (Jared Diamond)

Cro-magnon

40,000 BC

H. sapiens start backtracking into Europe, esp Russia, Ukraine. Needed fur clothes, evidence of bone needles, pit houses. Europeans known as Cro-Magnon

Flute-like instruments

37,000 BC

H. sapiens cross Bering Strait

15,000 BC

Bering strait into North America (and Virginia!)

H. sapiens in S. America

14,000 BC