A very important treaty in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars.
Austria is given Lombardy-Venetia, a region in Italy. The King of Sardinia was restored in Piedmont. The Papal States gained much land lost during the Napoleonic Wars.
Mazzini - "Young Italy
07/1831 - 1853
Charles Albert creates a constitution
Charles Albert of Piedmont-Sardinia creates a constitution, and makes the Kingdom a constitutional Monarchy.
Victor Emmanuel II King of Piedmont
03/23/1849 - 03/17/1861
Charles Albert of Piedmont-Sardinia abdicated in favour of Victor Emmanuel II in March 1849.
Cavour Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont
11/1852 - 7/1859
Camillo de Cavour, also Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, was appointed the Minister of the Piedmontese Kingdom in November 1852.
He then retired from office in July 1859.
Cavour Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy
1/1860 - 6/6/1861
Camillo de Cavour returned to office in January 1860 to be the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy.
He died on June 6, 1861.
Meeting between the King and Garibaldi
Victor Emmanuel II King of Italy
3/17/1861 - 1/9/1878
In March 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was crowned the King of Italy. He reigned until his death in January 1878.
Pope recognises the Italian State
The Lateran Treaty was an agreement between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See that the Holy See would recognise the Italian Kingdom and the Italian Kingdom recognise the Vatican State.
Piedmont and France
Italian patriot throws bomb at Napoleon III
An Italian patriot throws a bomb at Napoleon III, but Napoleon III survives. The blast killed eight bystanders. Napoleon III then demands a stop of all revolutionary activities in Piedmont.
Napoleon III and Cavour meets
Napoleon III and Camillo de Cavour meets, and they agree on a plan regarding Austria: If it looks like that Austria attacks Piedmont, France will supply 200 000 soldiers to Piedmont, which they can use to unify Italy.
Marriage between Napoleon III's cousin and Victor Emmanuel II's daughter
Napoleon III's cousin and Victor Emmanuel II's daughter marry in order to conclude the deal made between Napoleon III and Camillo de Cavour.
Napoleon III recognises the larger Piedmont
Napoleon invades Italy
3/1796 - 11/1796
Nice to Austria
Piedmont in war against Russia
10/1853 - 2/1856
Piedmont declares war against Russia, and joins the Crimean War. This enhances the Piedmontese reputation in the region.
Treaty of Paris
Successful expedition against Austria by Garibaldi
A successful expedition against Austria in the Alps by Garibaldi.
Austria at war with Piedmont
4/1859 - 7/11/1859
Austria attacked Piedmont in April 1859.
An armistice was signed on July 11 1859 in Villafranca.
France gets Nice and Savoy
Garibaldi conquered Sicily
Garibaldi is welcomed in Naples
7 September 1860
Napoleon III captured
Napoleon III captured by the Germans in the Battle of Sedan (Franco-Prussian War)
Kingdom of Italy
Plebiscites in numerous states
Plebiscites are held in Tuscany, Parma, Madona, Romagna, Papal States and the two Sicilies. They all vote in favour of an union with the Kingdom of Piedmont.
Garibaldi gives everything to Piedmont
Official Proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy
Venetia becomes Italian
Venetia freed from Austria after Prussia won the Austro-Prussian War.
The Treaty of Prague.
Rome becomes Italian
French troops withdraw from Rome due to the Franco-Prussian War, and Rome therefore becomes Italian.