Leia Rich warfare timeline

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Name of the War

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War started because the French came to the "New World" to trade, while the British came to settle. The British wanted France's land because it needed more space for its Colonists. Great Britain and France also had a long history of problems together which contributed in why the war started. The British fought against the French and most of the Native Americans, and the British won.

French Revolution

1789

After the success of the American Revolution, the ideas of liberty spread to France, causing the French Revolution to break out in 1789. King Louis and his family were killed in 1791 after the French discovered that he was trying to escape the country. This revolution was very radical because the French abolished titles, stole money to give to the poor, and declared war on the rest of Europe. France wants help from America, and Anti-Federalists, like Jefferson, agree. Washington, Adams, and the Federalists say no because they are afraid of losing and once again become part of Britain.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

This war was started because of impressment of American sailors, failed peaceful acts, and wanting to get Canada. Most Native Americans fought for the British against the Americans.

Important battles

Battle of Fort Duquesne

September, 1758

Prior to the battle, Fort Duquesne was French territory. Led by George Washington, the British fought in what is now Pittsburgh and won the battle. This battle becomes the most famous battle in the French and Indian War. After the British captures the fort, they turn it into a place that people can live in.

Battle of Saratoga

1777

America won this battle because of the British's misunderstanding of their plan. The victory of this battle raised hopes and brought aid. France and Spain declared war on Britain, and gave supplies to help the Americans.

Battle of Yorktown

October 9, 1781 - October 19, 1781

American and French troops surrounded General Lord Charles Cornwallis' troops at Yorktown, and French warships blocked any help from Britain. Cornwallis was desperate and finally surrenders, ending the fighting.

1. Battle of Lake Erie

1813

Battle took place near by Put-in-Bay. Americans won the battle and got control of Lake Erie.

2. Battle of Thames

October 5, 1813

Fought in Canada. The Americans fought the British to get Canada. The British retreated up the Thames River and surrendered, letting the Americans win. Native American leader for the war died in the battle.

3. Burning of Washington D.C.

1814

Led by Robert Ross (British), the British set fire to the Capitol Building, White House, Library of Congress, and other public buildings. The British won since the Americans had no defenses.

4. Battle of McHenry

1814

British wanted to capture Baltimore. In the battle, four Americans were killed and twenty-four Americans were wounded. The British warships bombarded the fort for twenty-five hours. American defenses included twenty-two sunken ships and cannons. America won because Britain ran out of ammo and left, which let the Americans have a major victory. Francis Scott Key wrote a poem about the battle called the "Defence of Fort McHenry", which was later turned into the Star-Spangled Banner.

End of the War of 1812

December 24, 1814

Fighting against Napoleon and France ends, so there was no need for fighting anymore, since Britain did not need to search Americans ships any longer. War officially ended on December 24, 1814 by a treaty written in Belgium.

5. Battle of New Orleans

January 1815

The last battle of the war occurred because the people fighting never got the message that the war already ended. British wanted land in the west and New Orleans. The Americans won in thirty minutes with General Andrew Jackson, which Jackson used to be elected president.

Other Important Events

Proclamation of 1763

1763

The Proclamation limits how far west that the British colonists are allowed to move, since Great Britain is in debt and is not able to afford a war between the native Americans and the Colonists. This proclamation takes away some of the colonists freedom, which angers the Colonists, which then leads into the American Revolution.

Treaty of Paris

1763

In the Treaty of Paris for the French and Indian War, Britain receives all of North America which lies east of the Mississippi River.

Embargo Act of 1807

1807

The act confined all U.S. ships to harbor, meaning no trade going to Britain and France. Trying to deny French and British agricultural and manufactured products. This act backfired because it did not majorly affect France or Britain, but hurt the U.S. economy by putting thousands out of works, and having wide-spread public dissent.