Timeline of Events (1788-1877)

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George Washington Elected

1789

George Washington is unanimously elected as the first president of the United States. He protects the Constitution to its full extent, and helps spread nationalism throughout the nation.

BUS Chartered

1791

The Bank of the United States, or BUS, was founded by Alexander Hamilton. It became significant for its "national debt" which acted, at least in early years, as a "national adhesive"

Whiskey Rebellion

1791

The Whiskey Rebellion was a protest against using grain to make Whiskey. The farmers were furious about this, however, it showed them that the new government can resolve violence in their country.

First 10 Amendments (Bill of Rights)

December 15, 1791

The first 10 Amendments, also known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified. They help to further elstablish a stable government and nation.

Proclamation of Neutrality

1793

President George Washington declared America as a neutral country. This prevented us from taking sides in many wars to come.

Eli Whitney Invents the Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney invented a machine that would separate the cotton from the seed without having to hand-pick it out. This led to a rise in slavery.

Jay's Treaty

1794

Jay's Treaty resolved the issues that rose from the Treaty of Paris. It also allowed Britain to continue trade with the United States.

Slave Revolt in Virginia

November 17, 1800

Gabriel Prosser attempted to lead a slave revolt in Richmond, Virginia. As a result, Virginia tightened their slave laws.

Marbury v. Madison

February 24, 1803

Marbury v. Madison was a decision by the Supreme Court. It expanded the power of Congress in the United States.

Louisiana Purchase

May 2, 1803

The United States buys Louisiana Territory for 15 million dollars. It nearly doubled the size of America.

Lewis and Clark

1804 - 1806

Lewis and Clark set off to explore the newly established land of the Americas. It helped create routes for westward expansion.

War of 1812

June 18, 1812

The War of 1812 was a war between Britain and the US because of maritime interference. It helped Britain ease off of the US a little more.

Treaty of Ghent

Dec. 24, 1814

The Treaty of Ghent between Britain and America was signed, which officially ended the war. It gave America true independence (finally).

Missouri Compromise

1819 - 1821

To balance out the slave states and the free states, Missouri is divided into Maine (a free state) and Missouri (a slave state). This temporarily solves the slave problem in the United States.

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

McCulloch v. Maryland is a decision by the Supreme court in order to grant Congress the right to establish a national bank. This helps back up the Bank of the United States.

John Quincy Adams

1825

John Quincy Adams is elected president by the House. He "adopts" the American System originally set by Henry Clay.

Andrew Jackson

March 4, 1829

Andrew Jackson is inaugurated. He wins because of his "man of the people" analogy, and the people of United states gain more nationalism because the feel as if they can relate to him.

Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1830

Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, which causes the removal of Native Americans living in the eastern part of the country to go west. Almost 50,000 Native Americans were relocated.

Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

Nat Turner initiated a day-long massacre of white men, women, and children. They kill many civilians and cause many whites to fear their slaves.

Texas Declares Independence from Mexico

March 1, 1836

Texas finally breaks free from Mexico and becomes an independent country. The US eventually claims Texas as theirs.

Trail of Tears

1838

Cherokee More than 15,000 Cherokee Indians were forced to march from Georgia to present-day Oklahoma. Approximately 4,000 die from starvation and disease.

US Annexes Texas

1845

The United States allows Texas to be annexed. This expands the country and opens up the slave problem once again. Texas also became a major cotton area.

Manifest Destiny

July 1845 - August 1845

John O' Sullivan writes for the first time about "manifest destiny", or the idea that the whites are destined by God to kick out the Native Americans and to expand. It urges nationalism and westward expansion.

Wilmot Proviso

1846

The Wilmot Proviso was an attempt to ban slavery in all the territory acquired from Mexico. It didn't work and caused a lot of controversy.

Mexican War

May 13, 1846

The Mexican War starts- a war between US and Mexico- and eventually the US wins. The US acquires a lot of new territory, which helps with expansion.

Oregon Treaty

June 15, 1846

The Oregon Treaty fixed the border with Canada to the 49th parallel. It decreased our conflicts with Canada.

The Gold Rush

January 24, 1848

Gold is discovered at Sutter's Mill in California. It caused many people to move west into California.

Treaty of Quadalupe Hidalgo

Feb. 2, 1848

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo officially ends the Mexican American war. It gives the US more territory and opens up the issue of slavery again.

Compromise of 1850

1850

California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico were opened to popular sovereignty. This (again) opened up the slavery issue.

Death of Taylor

July 9, 1850

President Taylor dies and is replaced with Millard Fillmore. Millard isn't the most stellar president in the world...

Uncle Toms Cabin

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Toms Cabin. It bacame one of he most influential anti-slavery works of literature of the time.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

May 30, 1854

The Kansas-Nebraska act creates the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska in order to create a transcontinental railroad. It opens up the slavery issue again, and becomes a huge issue in Bleeding Kansas

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil war was a bloody battle between the northern and southern territories. It freed all slaves, and gave black men more rights then they had before.

Seceding...

January 1861

Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana secede from the Union. It, obviously, creates sectionalism in the nation and leads up to the Civil war.

15th Amendment

1870

The 15th Amendment is ratified. It gave blacks the right to vote.