Coughlin- Timeline

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Important Battles

The Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

The Boston Massacre was a battle between British soldiers and American colonists. The colonists are said to have been attacking the soldiers so, the British fired shots.

Battle of Saratoga

October 17, 1777

turning point in American revolution, showed that the colonists had a chance and caused France and Spain decided to help the colonists
Burgoyne (British) surrendered

Battle of Yorktown

October 9, 1781 - October 19, 1781

Washington surrounded Cornwallis at Yorktown and fired at them. Cornwallis asked his commander for assistance but it never came because Washington had blocked off all access routes. Cornwallis surrendered on October 19

Battle at the Tippecanoe River

1811

Native American weapons were found to be from Canada, believed to be given by British. U.S. decided to go for Canada

Battle of the Thames

October 5, 1813

In Moraviantown, Ontario, Canada. Along the Thames River
U.S. vs British and Indians
Resulted in the death of Tecumseh
United Indian tribes fell apart, they didn't have a leader

Battle of Fort McHenry

1814

No ground invasion, all on water, In Baltimore
British lost, restored U.S. pride
Star Spangled Banner was written during and about this battle

Battle of New Orleans

January 8, 1815

Took place after the Treaty of Ghent was signed, after the war ended because of communication
U.S. wins, protecting the Louisiana coast
Jackson uses this battle to become president in 1828

Battle of Midway

1942

midway between Asia and America, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, one of the largest naval battles in history

Iowa Jima

1945

U.S. invades island close enough to bomb Japan

Wars

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

The British needed to expand so, they decided to go west into America. They were trying to push out the Native Americans. The French had been trading with the Indians. The French fought with most of the Indians against the British and some of the Indians.

The American Revolution

1776 - 1782

colonists wanted independence from Britain

The War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Started because the British were attacking U.S. trading ship and impressing the sailors and war hawks in the U.S. wanted to take control of Canada while Britain was at war with France in Europe

World War 1

1914 - 1918

caused by the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, U.S. gets involved in early 1918
ended by the Treaty of Versailles, puts Germany at fault

World War 2

1939 - 1945

Hitler took over a lot of Europe, started after Poland fell so quickly to Hitler. Germany surrendered in 1945, Japan starts to expand.

The Cold War

1950 - 1962

arms race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union,

Korean war

1950 - 1953

capitalist South Korea was invaded by communist North Korea in 1950, United States started fighting under United Nations Mission to defend South Korea while China defends North Korea, War ended with a cease fire in 1953

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

Part of the Cold War. U.S. tries to practice Containment. New Vietnamese ruler is communist. North Vietnam and South Vietnam.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1959 - 1963

communist revolutionary, Fidel Castro, overthrew U.S. supported dictatorship in Cuba, Bay of Pigs invasion in 1960 fails to overthrow Castro. Castro gets nuclear missiles from Soviet Union and points them at U.S. If U.S. attacks Cuba, Soviet Union attacks U.S. a secret agreement is signed, removing missiles and resolving the crisis.

Important Events

Parliament Vote

March 1782

Parliament voted to give up "farther prosecution of offensive war on the continent of North America" basically ending the American Revolution

The XYZ Affair

1796

Three negotiators sent to France to resolve the issues- France wanted America's help in their Revolution and because they didn't get it, they stares attacking American ships. France demanded a bribe to negotiate, Americans did not accept.

Monroe-Pinkney Treaty

December 31, 1806

With Great Britain, Addresses several points surrounding trade with Great Britain, but did not address impressment.

The Embargo Act

1807

Stopped all trade, confined U.S. ships to harbor to deny France and Great Britain agricultural and manufactured products.
It later failed because the economy started to go south

Burning of Washington D.C.

1814

Not a battle because U.S. didn't have time to fight back, couldn't
British took D.C. And burned it

Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

June, 1914

The "Black Hand", a Serbian terrorist group living in Austria, killed the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

begins involvement of the United States in World War 2, Japan attacked the U.S. base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

D-Day

June 6, 1944

day U.S. lands in France at Normandy Beach to recapture France

V.E. Day

May 9, 1945

Victory in Europe Day, day Germany surrenders

Atomic bomb Dropped on Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

Hiroshima had not had as much damage as other cities so it was the target for the U.S.'s first atomic bomb to be dropped

Atomic Bomb Dropped on Nagasaki

August 9, 1945

U.S. dropped second atomic bomb in Nagasaki causing Japan to quickly surrender, ending World War 2 in the Pacific