Lincoln becomes the first Republican President with 180 out of 303 Electoral votes, and 40% of the popular vote.
South Carolina secedes due to the issue with tariffs, and is followed a few months later by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, and Georgia.
Abraham Lincoln is officially sworn in as President.
Under General Pierre Beaureguard, the Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter, officially starting the Civil War.
President Lincoln issues the Proclamation of Blockade on all Southern ports, limiting the South's ability to stay well supplied during the war.
Confederates attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River creates a battle with 13,000 Union soldiers killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates killed. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists.
12,653 Union soldiers died at this battle in Fredericksburg, Virginia. It was another win for the Confederates, with their death toll only being at 5,309.
The war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, a huge loss for the Confederates. This battle was a deciding point for the Union having a chance to win.
The Union under Gen. Irvin McDowell suffers a defeat at Bull Run 25 miles southwest of Washington. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. Jackson dubs the name "Stonewall," as his brigade resists Union attacks, and the Union retreats to Washington.
General "Stonewall" Jackson, along with 55,000 of his Confederates, defeat 75,000 Union soldiers who are under the command of John Pope.
This day is considered the bloodiest single-day battle of the Civil War, with over 26,00 soldiers on both sides killed by nightfall. This is a Union win.
President Lincoln issues the preliminary Proclamation, which allowed for the emancipation of slaves.
The Stars and Stripes was raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary went to see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shot the president in the head. Doctors attended to the president in the theater then moved him to a house across the street., where he never woke up.
John Wilkes Booth, the murderer of Abraham Lincoln, was shot and killed on this day on a tobacco farm in Virginia.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, was ratified on this day. The abolishing of slavery had taken effect.