Western Civilization 1300-1800

Main

Political/Military

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1457

Charles VII's Reign

1422 - 1461

Revives France and the monarchy

Charles VII's Coronation

1429

French Victory at Orleans

1429

Joan of Arc' Death

1431

Declared a heretic and burned at the stake

Medici Family in Power

1434 - 1494

Florence, Italy

Ivan II's Reign

1462 - 1505

Russia

Marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon

1469

Union of Burgundy and Habsburg Dynasties

1477

Invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France

1494

Start of Habsburg-Valois Wars

1521

Habsburg-Valois Wars

1521 - 1555

Charles V against Valois kings

Ivan the Terrible's Reign

1533 - 1584

Russia

Mary Tudor's Reign

1553 - 1558

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Recognizes Lutheranism in Holy Roman Empire

Elizabeth I's Reign

1558 - 1603

"Elizabethan Settlement" in England

Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis

1559

Civil War in Netherlands

1568 - 1578

Death of Mary, Queen of Scots

1587

Beheaded for plot to assassinate Elizabeth I

Spanish Armada is Defeated

1588

Henry IV's Reign

1589 - 1610

France

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Growth of Absolutism in Austria and Prussia

1620 - 1740

Reign of Frederick William in Prussia

1640 - 1688

English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Louis XIV's Reign

1643 - 1658

France

Charles I's Execution

1649

Oliver Cromwell's Reign

1653 - 1658

Military rule in England

Richard Cromwell's Reign

1658 - 1659

Tumble Down Dick

Restoration of English Monarchy

1660

Under Charles I

Cossack Revolt

1670 - 1671

Led by Razin

Habsburg Victory

1683 - 1718

Defend Vienna; Win war with Ottoman Turks

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

England

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1713

Peace of Utrecht

1713

Social/Economic

Famine in Norther Europe

1315 - 1322

Black Death Arrives in Mainland Europe

1348

Jacquerie Uprising

1358

Peasant uprising in France

Peasants' Revolt in England

1381

Slaves in Mediterranean

1420 - 1485

Flow of Balkan slaves to the eastern Mediterranean; flow of African slaves to the western Mediterranean

Peasants' Revolt in Germany

1525

Height of the European Witch-Hunt

1560 - 1660

Construction of Palace Monastery of Saint Lawrence of the Escorial

1563 - 1584

Dutch East India Company Founded

1602

Jean-Baptiste Colbert's Mercantilism

1665 - 1683

France

Intellectual/Religious

Babylonion Captivity

1309 - 1376

Papacy moves to Avignon

Dante, Divine Comedy

1310 - 1320

Marsiglio, Defensor Pacis

1324

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

Chaucer, Canterbuy Tales

1387 - 1400

Invention of movable type

1454

Gutenberg's Bible

1456

High Renaissance

1500 - 1527

Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo

Saint Peter's Basilica Work Begins

1506

Ordered by Pope Julius II

Michelangelo Paints Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Ceiling

Machiavelli, The Prince

1513

More, Utopia

1516

Ninety Five Theses on the Power of Indulgences

1517

by Martin Luther

Diet of Worms

1521

Castiglione, The Courtier

1528

John Calvin, Genevan Catechism

1541

Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office and Roman Inquistion

1542

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Restoration of Roman Catholicism in England

1553 - 1558

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Edict of Nantes

1598

Publication of King James Bible

1611

Birth of French Academy

1635

Agreement between Charles II & Louis XIV

1670

Charles II agrees to re-Catholicize England in secret agreement

Edict of Nantes is Revoked

1685